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Skeletal Sys Terms

A&P CH7 Skeletal System Clinical Terms

acromegaly abnormal enlargement of facial features, hands, and feet in adults as a result of overproduction of growth hormone
ankylosis abnormal stiffness of a joint or fusion of bones at a joint, often due to damage to the joint membranes from chronic rheumatoid arthritis
arthralgia pain in a joint
arthrocentesis puncture of and removal of fluid from a joint cavity
arthrodesis surgery to fuse the bones at a joint
arthroplasty surgery to make a joint more movable
Colles fracture fracture at the distal end of the radius that displaces the smaller fragment posteriorly
epiphysiolysis separation or loosening of the epiphysis from the diaphysis of a bone
hemarthrosis blood in a joint cavity
laminectomy surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra, usually to relieve symptoms of a ruptured intervertebral disc
lumbago dull ache in the lumbar region of the back
orthopedics medical speciality that prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases and abnormalities of the skeletal and muscular systems
ostealgia pain in a bone
ostectomy surgical removal of a bone
osteitis inflammation of bone tissue
osteochondritis inflammation of bone and cartilage tissues
osteogenesis bone development
osteogenesis imperfecta inherited condition of deformed and abnormally brittle bones
osteoma tumor composed of bone tissue
osteomalacia softening of adult bone due to a disorder in calcium and phosphorus metabolism, usually caused by vitamin D deficiency
osteomyelitis bone inflammation caused by the body’s reaction to bacterial or fungal infection
osteonecrosis death of bone tissue; occurs most commonly in the femur head in elderly persons and may be due to obstructed arteries supplying the bone
osteopathology study of bone diseases
osteotomy cutting a bone
synovectomy surgical removal of the synovial membrane of a joint