Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Vocabulary #3

Endocrinology

TermDefinition
Synergism two hormones acting through two separate but complementary pathways, where the result becomes greater than the sum of the individual effects
Permissiveness when the action of two hormones is required to produce an effect, but only one of the two hormones initiates the response while the other hormone must be active to permit the response to occur.  
Isoforms signaling-pathway components coded by the same gene, but have different functions and are attached to different cellular loci.
Push-pull mechanism controlling a physiological process by having some agents stimulating while others inhibiting the same response. 
Homodimer a macromolecular complex by which two macromolecules, such as proteins, are attached.
cAMP Response Element Binding Protein (CREB) a transcription factor activated by cAMP that binds to CREB sequences on DNA to increase or decrease the transcription of the downstream genes.
Negative feedback reduction of an effect by the end result of that effect
Positive feedback enhancement of an effect by the end result of that effect
Summation when two hormones act through two separate signaling pathways, their combined effect may be greater than their individual effect
Reduction when two hormones compete for some shared component of their separate signaling pathways, their combined effect may be less than their individual effect.  
kinase anchoring proteins protein molecule that anchors signaling pathway components such as protein kinase A to specific locations within the cell.   
sensitivity ability of a cell to recognize and respond to a signal in proportion to the concentration of that signal 
capacity maximum response a cell is capable of achieving in response to a signal
dose-response curve a mathematical relationship between concentration of a hormone and the magnitude of a cell's response to that hormone
threshold  the lowest concentration of a hormone that can produce a measurable response.
maximum concentration when no further changes in cellular response can be detected with increased hormone concentration
threshold/sensitivity concentration of a hormone needed to produce half-maximal response (EC50)
Affinity tightness of binding of a hormone to a receptor quantified in terms of hormone concentration at which half of the receptors are occupied by the hormone. 
Spare receptors when less than 100% of receptors are occupied, but a maximum response to the hormone is detected.
receptor-mediated internalization endocytosis of signals or receptors for the purpose of destruction by proteolytic enzymes
redundancy two different hormones secreted from different sources, but having identical and additive or compensatory effects
reinforcement one hormone acting at several different locals to produce a variety of effects that reinforce each other.
cAMP phosphodiesterase breakes down cAMP
Created by: Jackline2