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Spec.

QuestionAnswer
Abandonment Desertion; REFUSAL to treat a patient without notice
Apexification The treatment of the APEX of the root canal in a tooth that is NECROTIC
Apexogenesis Pulpotomy of permanent tooth whereby pulp VITALITY is maintained, allowing time for the ROOT END to develop and close
Apical Periodontitis PULPAL INFLAMMATION that extends into the PERIAPICAL tissues
Apicoectomy REMOVAL OF THE APEX of the tooth and infection surrounding the area
Black Line Stain Formation of a thin BLACK to dark brown LINE slighly above the gingival and following the contour of the gingival margin; found primary in women and often in cases of excellent oral hygiene
Bone Grafting Moving tissue from one area to another; adding bone or BONE SUBSTITUTE to fill areas
Bone Resorption BONE LOSS caused during periodontal disease (may be vertical or horizontal)
Bruxism Teeth GRINDING
Calculus Hard, CALCIFIED deposit of mineralized plaque that forms on teeth, restorations, and dental appliances; also known as tartar
Cellulitis SWELLING and discomfort of facial tissues caused by an abscess
Chalk A mild abrasive used in some prophylactic pastes; also known as WHITENING
Chelating A process by which an agent encloses or grasps a TOXIC substance and makes it NONTOXIC
Clinical Crown EXPOSED coronal portion of the CROWNS
Coronal Polish Procedure whereby coronal surfaces of the teeth are POLISHED with rubber cups, brushes, an abrasive, polishers, and dental tape
Dental Fluorosis A condition caused by an EXCESS INTAKE OF FLUORIDES during tooth development; enamel surface appears mottled and stained but is caries free
Extipate To REMOVE pulpal contents
Extrinsic Stains Discolorations on the OUTSIDE OF THE TOOTH structure that CAN BE REMOVED by scaling and polishing
Exudate PUS
Fistula A tube-like passage from an abscess to the external surface; USED TO DRAIN THE ABSCESS
Fluoride Prophlaxis Pastes Commerically prepared PASTES with the addition of fluoride
Frenectomy Complete surgical remove of the FRENUM, including the attachment to the underlying hone
Gingival Grafting Procedure in which tissue is taken from ONE SITE and placed ON ANOTHER
Gingivectomy Surgical REMOVAL OF DISEASED GINGIVAL tissue
Gingivoplasty RESHAPING of the gingival tissue to remove such deformities as clefts, craters, and enlargements; performed only to recontour the gingiva
Green Stain Discoloration most often found in children; found on the facial surface of the maxillary anterior teeth at the cervical third, containing chromogenic bacteria and fungi; varies from light to dark GREEN or YELLOWISH-GREEN
Guided Tissue Regeneration A technique that uses barrier membrane to maintain a space between the gingival flap and the root surface of the tooth in order for tissues to REGENERATE in a periodontal defect
Hard Deposits Hard, calcified deposits (mineralized plaque) firmly attached teeth, restorations, and dental appliances; also called calculus or tartar
Humectant Material or substance that retains MOISTURE
Intrinsic DISCOLORATIONS, usually PERMANENT, inside the tooth structure
Irreversible Pulpitis Inflammation of the pulpal tissue to the point where it CANNOT RECOVER; treatment includes root canal or extraction
Laser A medical device that generates a precise BEAM of concentrated light energy
Materia Alba Soft, bulky, COTTAGE-CHEESE-LIKE mass of food debris and bacterial growth that collects in grooves and spaces on teeth, gingiva, and appliances; provides the source for plaque development
Occlusal Equilibration Process of ALLEVIATING areas with an excessive force
Pellicle THIN, clear film of insoluble proteins, fats and other material from saliva that forms within minutes of removal; may protect enamel or provide breeding ground for plaque and calculus
Periodontal Flap Surgery SURGICAL SEPARATION of the gingiva from the underlying tissue
Pulpal Necrosis DEATH of pulpal cells; often results from irreversible pulpitis
Pulpectomy NON-VITAL pulp therapy involving tooth extraction and complete removal of the pulp
Pulpotomy REMOVAL OF PULP exclusively in the coronal portion of the tooth
Reversible Pulpitis Inflammation of the pulp caused by an irritant; when irritant is removed, the PULP HEALS
Scaling Technique to REMOVE PLAQUE, CALCULUS, AND STAINS from the surfaces of the teeth
Tooth Mobility MOVEMENT of the tooth WITHIN THE SOCKET
Vertical Bone Resorption RECEDING of the ALVELAR BONE VERTICALLY on individual teeth and the interproximal surface
Vital Pulp Term used to describe HEALTHY PULP
Yellow Stains DISCOLORATIONS of the teeth usually associated with poor oral hygiene and plaque; dull YELLOW to light brownish
Created by: lizcoy03