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Bio CH10

Biology CH10 Digestion

appendix small, finger-like part of the digestive system found where the small and large intestines meet
bile a green liquid that breaks large fat droplets into small fat droplets
chemical change turns food into a form that cells can use
digestion the changing of food into a usable form
digestive system a group of organs that take in food and change it into a form the body can use
enzyme chemicals that speed up the rate of chemical change
esophagus a tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
gallbladder a small, bag-like part located under the liver that stores bile
hydrochloric acid a chemical often called stomach acid
large intestine a tube-like organ at the end of the digestive tract
liver the largest organ in the body, it makes a chemical called bile
mucus a thick, sticky material that protects the stomach and intestinal linings from enzymes and stomach acid
pancreas an organ located below the stomach that makes three different enzymes
physical change occurs when large food pieces are broken down into smaller pieces
saliva a liquid that is formed in the mouth and contains an enzyme
salivary gland three pairs of small glands located under the tongue and behind the jaw
small intestine a long, hollow tube-like organ where most of the chemical digestion of food takes place
stomach a bag-like, muscular organ that mixes and chemically changes protein
villi the finger-like parts on the lining of the small intestine