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Biology Module 1

TermDefinition
metabolism process in an organism which converts energy/matter from outside sources and uses that to sustain life functions
anabolism processes in an organism use energy/simple chemical building blocks to produce large chemicals and structures necessary for life
catabolism processes in an organism breaks down chemicals to produce energy /simple chemicals to produce own food
photosynthesis process green plants/some other organisms use energy of sunlight/simple chemicals to produce own food
herbivores eats only plants
carnivores eat only organisms other than plants
omnivore eats plants/other organisms
producers produce own food
consumers eat living producers/ other consumers for food
decomposers break down the dead remains of other organisms
autotrophs able to make there own food
heterotrophs depend on other organisms for food
receptors special structures that allow living organisms sense the conditions of internal/external enviroment
asexual reproduction reproduction accomplished by 1 organism
sexual reproduction reproduction that requires organisms
inheritance process which physical/biologic characteristics are transmitted from parent(s) to offspring
mutation abrupt and marked change in dna of an organism compared to parents
hypothesis educated guess attempts to explain an observation/answer question
theory hypothesis that's been tested with significant amount of data
scientific law theory that been tested by and consistent with generations of data
mircoorganism living creature too small to see with naked eye
abiogenesis idea that long ago very simple life forms spontaneously appeared through chemical reactions
prokaryotic cell cell with no distinct membrane-bounded organelles
Eukaryotic cell cell with distinct membrane-bounded organelles
species unit of one or more populations of individualist that can reproduce under normal conditions, produce fertile offspring, are reproductively isolated from other units
taxonomy science of classifying organisms
binomial nomenclature naming organism with genus/species name
what are the 4 cafeterias for life 1. DNA 2.way to extract energy from surroundings and convert it into energy to sustain them 3.sense changes in surroundings and responds 4.can reproduce
what can science prove nothing because it is based on experiments that may be flawed making conclusions always tentative
what does the story of spontaneous generation show almost 2000 years of executing scientific method resulted in law being clearly wrong you cant put to much faith in scientific laws because they are fallible
what does the wise person doe trust the bible because is\ts infallible
what 7 topics can you use to categorize something kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
all organisms made up of prokaryotic cells belong to what kingdom monera meaing there either archaea or bacteria domain
if it has a Eukaryotic cell it is in the Eukarya domain
Created by: rees417