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Macromolecules

Macromolecules (Seminole County FL Biology)

TermDefinition
polysaccharide a class of carbohydrates formed by repeating units linked together
protein a molecule composed of of amino acids
nucleic acid consisting of nucleotides involved in the preservation, replication, and expression of hereditary information in every living cell
enzyme a chemical produced by cells to speed up a chemical reaction
monosaccharide monomer unit for carbohydrates
lipid a fatty compound whose functions involve energy storage, structural component of cell membrane, and cell signaling
DNA a double-stranded nucleic acid that contains the genetic information for cell growth, division, and function
phospholipid a lipid with one or more phosphate groups attached to it
amino acid a monomer of proteins
catalyst a substance capable of initiating or speeding up a chemical reaction
carbohydrate consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, Examples include sugar, starch, breads and pasta
nucleotide monomer unit of nucleic acids
fatty acid monomer unit of lipids
starch a polysaccharide carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose (sugar) molecules joined together
triglyceride An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acid, and serves as a major component of animal and plant oils and fats
macromolecule large complex molecule, such as nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids
RNA act as a messenger carrying instructions from DNA for controlling the synthesis of proteins
glycerol monomer unit of lipids
monomer the simplest unit of a polymer
steroid molecular structure containing four rings of carbon atoms; include many hormones, alkaloids, and vitamins
polymer made up of several repeating units (monomers)
Created by: crystalhawes