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ACT English

TermDefinition
Semicolons Rule A semicolon is only correct if it could be replaced with a period
Semicolon Hint If the only difference between two answers is that one has a period and the other has a semicolon in the same spot, both answers must be wrong.
Colon Rule Used to introduce lists or explanations. Must come after a complete sentence.
Dashes--2 of its uses 1. marking off a non-essential clause or phrase (just like a comma) 2. Introducing a list or explanation (just like a colon)
Subject pronoun vs. Object pronoun Subjects "do" verbs and objects have verbs "done" to them. Subject pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we, they Object pronouns: me, you, him, her, it us, them
"who" vs. "that" "Who" is the pronoun for a person or people, and "that" is the pronoun for everything else.
Pronoun Agreement When we use pronouns more than once in a sentence, we have to use the same perspective throughout.
Ambiguous Reference Wherever there is a pronoun, it should be obvious what the pronoun is "standing in" for.
Verb Tense Rule Keep verbs in a single sentence within the same time period.
6 Basic Verb Tenses Simple Present: They sing. Present Perfect: They have sung. Simple Past: They sang. Past Perfect: They had sung. Future: They will sing. Future Perfect: They will have sung.
Subject/Verb Agreement The noun and the verb have the same number (singular or plural)
Comparison "-er" or "-est" "-er" is when you compare two things "-est" is when you combine three or more things
more vs most "more" is when you compare two things "most" is when you compare three or more things
better vs best "better" is when you compare two things "best" is when you compare three or more things
than vs then "Than" is used to show a comparison. "Then" is used for showing what happens next.
have vs of “have” is a helping verb, while “of” is a preposition. “Of” used as a helping verb (would of, should of) is always incorrect. Choose an answer that replaces it with “have."
accept vs except accept: to receive, take except: excluding
access vs excess access: entrance, opportunity excess: more than needed
affect vs effect affect: to influence effect: a result
altogether vs all together altogether: completely; entirely all together: all things with each other
ambivalent vs ambiguous ambivalent: to have two different feelings about something ambiguous: having more than one possible meaning
amoral vs immoral amoral: having no sense of right or wrong immoral: having intentionally bad morals
apart vs a part apart: separated, into pieces a part: a piece of something
beside vs besides beside: next to something besides: in addition to something
farther vs further farther: more distant (physical distance further: more
Parallel Construction is when we present a list of things all in the same way. ex: The deer moved carefully, quietly and slowly.
Dangling Modifier a modifier that begins a sentence, has a comma after it, and has the noun it describes NOT placed after the comma.
Misplaced Modifier a modifier that's not close enough to the thing it describes
Created by: Lachelle
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