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ACT Science

absolute existing independent of any other cause
accuracy freedom from mistake; exactness; the relationship between the gradation on a measuring device and the actual standard for the quantity being measure
adverse acting against or in an opposite direction
analogous similar or comparable in certain respects
analyze to study the relationship or the parts of something by analysis
application ability to put to a practical use; having something to do with the matter at hand
approximately nearly; am estimate or figure the is almost exact
argument a reason for or against something
assumption something accepted as true
comprehend to understand fully
concentration the ratio of the amount of solute to the amount of solvent or solution
conclusion a final decision based on facts, experience, or reasoning
confirm to make sure of the truth of something
consequence something produced by or a cause or condition
consistent in agreement; firm; changeless
constant remaining steady and unchanged
contradiction a statement in opposition to another
control group experimental group in which conditions are controlled
controlled experiment one in which the condition suspected to cause an effect is compared to one without the suspected condition
controlled variable a factor in an experiment that remains constant
correlation a close connection between two ideas or sets of data.
criticism a finding of fault; disapproval
definitive most nearly complete or accurate
demonstrate to explain by use of examples or experiments
dependence a state of being controlled by something else
dependent variable result or change that occurs due to the part of an experiment being tested (positioned on the vertical y-axis)
diminish to make smaller or less; decrease in size
direct relationship the connection between two variable that show the same effect (i.e., both increase or both decrease)
effective producing or able to produce a desired condition
estimation forming a calculation based on incomplete data
ethical following accepted rules of behavior
evaluation the result of finding; estimating the value of something
evidence that which serves to prove or disprove something
examine to look at or check carefully
expectation the extent of a chance that something will occur
experiment a test made to find something out
experimental design the plan for a controlled experiment
experimental group the experimental part in which all conditions are kept the same except for the condition being tested
explanation a statement that makes something clear
extrapolation estimating a value for one characteristic that is beyond the range of a given value of another characteristic
figure a picture that explains.
fundamental a basic part
generalization something given as a broad statement or conclusion
hypothesis testable explanation of a question or problem
illustrate to make clear by using examples
imply to suggest rather than to say plainly
inconsistent not in agreement
incorporate a join or unite closely into into a single body
independent variable in a controlled experiment, the variable that is being changed (positioned on the horizontal x-axis)
indication the act of pointing out or pointing to something
indicator any device that measures, records, or visibly points out any of various substances used to point out, such as, a cause, treatment, or outcome on an action
ingredient any of the components of which something is made
interpolation estimating a value that falls between two known values; a "best-fit line" on a graph
interpretation the act of telling the meaning of; explanation
inverse (indirect) relationship the connection between two variable that shows the opposite effect (i.e., when the value of one variable increases, the value of the other variable deceases.)
investigate to study by close and careful observation
irregular not continuous or coming at set times
issue something that is questioned
judgment an opinion formed by examining and comparing
justify to prove or show to be right or reasonable
legend a title, description, or key accompanying a figure or map
maximum as great as possible in amount or degree
measurement the act of finding out the size or amount of something
mechanism the parts or steps that make up a process or activity
minimum as small as possible in amount or degree
model a pattern or figure of something to be made
modify to make changes in something
observation the act of nothing and recording facts and events
opinion a belief based on experience and on seeing certain facts
optimum the best r most favorable degree, condition, or amount
pattern a model, guide, or plan used in making things; definite direction, tendency, or characteristics
perform to carry out; accomplish
phenomenon an observable fact or event
precision the quality of being exactly stated; exact arrangement
predict to figure out and tell beforehand
preference a choosing of or liking for one thing rather than another
probability the quality of being reasonably sure but not certain of something happening or being true
procedure the way in which an action or actions is carried out
proponent one who supports a cause
proportional any quantities or measurements having the same fixed relationship in degree or number
reasonable showing or containing sound thought
refute to prove wrong by argument or evidence
relationship the state of being connected
replicate to copy or reproduce
revise to look over again; to correct or improve
simulation the act or process of simulating a system or process
study a careful examination and investigation of an event
suggest to offer as an idea
summarize to state briefly
support to provide evidence
theory a general rule offered to explain experiences or facts
translate to change from one state or form to another
treatment to explose to some action
underlying to form the support for something
unit a fixed quantity used as a standard of measurement
validity based on evidence that cabe be supported
value the quantity or amount for which a symbol stands
variable that which can be changed
viewpoint opinion; judgment
Created by: allitaylor12
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