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Essay writing

TermDefinition
Tasire namatlob(nakhoshayand) moteaded dashtan bar ... To have numerous(several) adverse effect on ....
Ertebat:1) keshvarha 2)ensanha 3)sherkatha, ertebate radioe,.. 1)relation with 2)relationship with 3)communication between
Vasayele ertebeti Means of communication
Signale khob (ba keyfiato estandard) Decent signal
Ba moshkel movajeh shodan Faces difficulties
Didgah/Roykarde mosbat dashtan be To have a positive attitude towardsS sth
Afrad mosen Elderly people
Can not Are unable
Correctly,be dorosty Properly
Bahrevarie/bazdehi/karare chizi efficiency of sth
Moshkelate mali Financial issues
Bi meyl bodan be anjame chizi To be Unwilling/ to be reluctant to do sth
Keyfiate paeen Poor quality
Kharidaran Customers, buyers
Kharid kardan Purchase
Opposite of to be aware OF sth to be oblivious TO sth (Bi tavajoh va na agah) Unaware
Bala bordane agahi( omomi, mohiti, ejtemae) az chizi To RAISE public / environmental/social awareness ABOUT sth
Zaheran Seemingly , apparrently
Tedade ziadi az javanan Bishtare mardome afrigha A vast number of young people The vast majority of African people
Tasirate zian avar Harmful effects
Avaghebe estefade az made mokhader The consequences of using drugs
Az senin kam From an early age
Tahsilate akademik amele taeen konande dar movafaghiate yek fard ast Academic education is a decisive factor IN one’s success
Estekhdame niroye kare ba tajrobe Recruiting an experienced workforce
Besyar mofid bodan ( gheyre mali) Is highly beneficial
Ta hade ziadi bahre mand shodam (gheyre mali) az ... I have benefited greatly FROM ...
Sode rozane maghaze The daily shop profit
Baraye kasbe sod To make profit
Sarmayegozarie sod avar A profitable investment
Chizi ro faraham kardan baraye kasi To provide sb WITH sth
Mayahtaje avalie zendegi Basic needs
Ba moshkel movajeh shodan Find it difficult
Dastresi Dashtan( dar halate writinge formal be jaye nadashtan az dastresi nadashtan estefade mikonim) To have limited/unlimited/instant(sari va fori)/easy access to sth
Az chizi mahrom bodan To be deprived of sth
Az anjae ke Since
Dastresi nadashtan be Deprived of having access to
Inchenin emkanat Such facilities
Homeye shahr Suburb
Tedad afradi ke The number of people who ...
Be ohdegereftane masoliatha(ye bozorg) To undertake (great) responsibilities
Opp enough Insufficient
Barashon sakhte Find it difficult
Worker / karfarma Employee / employer
Ehsase masoliat A sense of responsibility
Tashil kardan sth Facilitate sth
Keshvarhaye hamsaye Neighboring countries
Majbor kardan(kasi) be anjame kari To compel (sb) to do sth
Past compel CompeLLed
Hamno ( sen, kar, kelas,....) Peer
Dar maraze khatar ya chize badi bodan( mese bimari,...) To be prone to sth
Bahre mand shodan(=using ) Benefit from sth
Dar daneshgah AT university
Ba chizi ashna bodan (mese computer) To be familiar with
Dar jahate hale moshkelate yek fard IN solving ones’s problems
Barashon sakhte ta ...(it is hard to....) Find it difficult to ...
Bishtar/kamtar ehtemal darad(nadarad) ke .... TO BE more/less likely(unlikely) to ....
Az chizi ranj bordan To suffer from
Natayeje tahghighat neshan midahad ke .... Research findings confirm that....
Natayeje tahghighat be dalayele mokhtalefi neshan midahad ke .... Research findings confirm that for various reason, ...
Negaranie kamtari hast baraye... There is less concern for...
Dar miane kodakane dakhele shar Among inner city children
Shekl gerefteand(shakhsiati) Are shaped
On which / in which When /. Where
Kod Fertilizer
Ranj bordan az moshkele rohi va ravani/ ranj bordan az moshkelate ghalbi Suffer from emotional and psychological problems / suffer from heart problems/
Long term/ in long run Long term(adj):long term memory(hafezeye boland modat),the long term effects of...(tasire boland modate...) / in the long run(gheyde zaman): dar deraz modat
Noavari Innovation /ine’veishen/
Mogheyathaye kari Job opportunities
Jamiate javanan Youth flock
Dar raftanaz az shahr Escape the city
Fazaye aramesh bakhsh Relaxed atmosphere
Sath va keyfiate zandegi Standard of living
Anha keyfiate zendegie balatari darand They benefit from a higher standard of living
Zaroriate avalie zendegi Basic amenities
Manateghe mahrom Deprived areas
Manateghe servatmand Affluent area : wealthy area : rich
Mogheiyate pichide Complex circumstances
Salamati va tandorosti Health and well-being
Nesbat be Than
Do ya se barabar ehtemalesh bishtare ta... Are Two or three times more likely to...
Sakhte barashon Find it hard
Baraye farar az hazineye balaye zendegi To escape the high cost of living
Jalbe tavajoh kardan baraye kharidaran Attract the attention of customers
Tarhhaye/ ranghaye cheshm navaz Eye catching designs/colors
Vijegiye moshtarak Common feature
Janbe ha (vijegihaye)mokhtalefe yek mahsol Various features of a product
Mitavanad baraye ... be kar beravad Can be used to ....
Varede bazarhaye khareji shodan To enter foreign markets
Ba Keyfiate paeen With poor quality
Ba standard haye beinolmelali ham khani nadashtan Do not comply with international standards
Bayad mamno beshe Should be banned
Mortakebe jormi shodan To commit a crime
Zanan kheyli kamtar(bishtar) az mardan mortakebe jorm mishavand Women commit far less(more)crime than men
Javanan be jorm ro miavaran chon .... Young people turn to crime because of ....
Opp lack Surplus(mazad)
Etiade mavad va alkol mitone majbor kone mardom ro be ertekabe jorm Drug and alcohol addictions can force people to commit a crime
Jarime(sangin) emal kardan baraye chizi To impose (hefty) fines on sth
Maliat emal kardan bar chizi To impose tax on sth
Shekastane ghanon To break the law
Kasi ro az chizi man kardan / afrad bayad az senine paeen az ghanon shekani man shavand To discourage somebody from doing sth / people should be discourage from breaking the law from an early age
Bachehaye zire dah sal Children under ten
Jorme jenae Criminal offense
Karhaye namarbot ba shoghl Non-business related activities
Kasi ro be shedat tanbih kardan Severely punish
Edam kardan Execute/face death penalty/face capital punishment
Kam tavajohi( gheflat) kardan be kodakan monjarbe bezehkari dar senin paeen(sene ghanoni) mishavad Child neglect will lead to juvenile delibquency
Ejra kardane ghavanine sefto sakht Enforce strict laws
Ghavanine sakht baraye tavaghofe kodakane kar/baraye jologiri az Strict laws to stop child labor /against
Jologiri kardane mardom az Ashghal rikhtan Prevent people from Littering
Targhib be khoshonat kardan To encourage violence / To encourage aggressive behavior and violence
Mizane jorm va jenayat Crime rate
Jenayatkarane belghove Potential criminals
Naghshe bazdarande ifa kardan Act as a deterrent
Be andazeye kafi bazdarande nist(naghshe baz darande ifa nemikone) Do not act as much of a deterrent
Jarime/ gheramat Fines
Madareje elmi balatari kasb kardan To obtain higher qualification/education
Eraeye dorehaye amozeshi/amadegi Provide training for somebody
Kar be onvane karamoz To serve as an apprentice
Ba chizi ashna shodan To become familiar WITH sth
Doreye kamel az ... The full term of...
Doreye karamozi Apprenticeship
Ghab az 21 sal shodan Berfore reaching the age of 21 years
Pishraft dar dornameye shoghl Improve career prospects
Ofoghhaye (fekri) kasi ro gostarde kardan Broaden somebody’s horizons
Daneshgah haye motabar Prestigious universities
Be chizi vabaste bodan To be reliant on sth
Abzare electroniki Electronic devices
Yadgiriye daneshjo Student’s learning
Yaftane maskan ya eghamatgah To find accommodation
Kasbe madrak az yek daneshgahe motabar mitavanad darichei be forsathaye shoghli behtar bashad Obtaining qualifications from a prestigious university can open the door to better job opportunities/career prosbect
Sherkatkonandegan Participants
Darke amightari bedast avardan Gain a deeper understanding OF ...
Chizi ro baraye kasi ejbar kardan To make sth compulsory for somebody
Mohite kare khosh ayand / nakhosh ayand Pleasant / unpleasant working atmosphere
Faraham kardane fazaye kare matbo Providing a pleasant atmosphere
To try to achieve or get sth To seek
Estekhdam(noun) Employment
Dastmozde namatlob An unsatisfactory salary
Na amnie shoghli Job insecurity
Mohite zist ro tahdid kardan Threaten the environment
Mohite zist ro takhrib kardan Damage the environment
Khatare masrafe mavad Danger of taking drugs
Jangalzodaee Deforestation
Payamadhaye... Implications of ...
Boridane derakhtan Cutting down trees
Mahale zendegiye heyvanat ro mitone takhrib kone Can destroy wildlife habitats
Rikhtane zobale dar rodkhane Dumping waste in rivers
Ashghal rikhtan Dropping litter(rubbish(br)/trash(am))
Hefazat az mohite zist Protect the environment / preserve the environment
Mahsolate dostdare mohit zist Environmentally friendly products
Afradi ke baraye mohite zist talsh mikonand Eco-warrior
Mongharez shodan To become extinct
Gonehaye dar khatar Endangered species
Extremely big (panda) Giant
Sokht haye fosili Fossil fuels
Chizi ro ba chizi jaygozin kardan To replace sth WITH sth
Energyhaye tajdid pazir Renewable energy sources
Naft Oil
Dod toldkardan Produce fumes
Keshvarhaye jahane sevom Third world countries
Maghamate behdasht Health officials
Tedade roz afzon A growing number of
Manzar/noghte nazar/didgah Perspective/standpoint/viewpoint
Noreye kare maher/ba tajrobe Skilled(unskilled) workforce / experienced(inexperienced) workforce
Dar tole salha be shekle tejarate sod deh bala gostaresh yafteast Over the years it has developed into highly profitable business
Sod kardane kasi az anjame kari Profit sb to do sth
Manfeat bordan az Benefit from
Valedeyne az gozashteye zaefe(az nazare mali) Parents from more disadvantages background
Dashtane daramade paeen Have low salaries
Tajrobeye kafi Sufficient experience
Moshkele asli Major problem
Tajhizate tahghighatie ali (modern) Excellent research facilities
Mahrom bodan az ghazaye kafi Deprived of sufficient food
Madadkare ejtemae Social workers
Jon khodeshon ro begiran Take their own lives
Ba chizi montabegh shodan To adapt to sth
Jorme eghtesadi mortakeb shodan Commit economic crime
Taghalob,kolahbardari,shayadi Fraud
Jarayem Offenses- crimes
Be shedat tanbih shodan Should be severely punish
Bezehkari dar senine paeen (sene ghanoni) Juvenile delinquency
Gheflat kardan az kodakan/kam tavajohi be kodakan Child neglect
Ba nerkhe jorme nesbatan kam With a relatively low crime rate
Moteghaziane kar Job applicants
Az toroghe mokhtalef In several different ways
Hayate vahsh Wildlife habitats
Tarafdarane mohite zist Environmentalists
Jaygozin shodan ba Replace with
Created by: Hossein1368