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Final Exam

All chaps

Glucose is an example of a Monosaccharide
Starch is the stored carbohydrate in plants, while ________ is the stored carbohydrate in animals Glycogen
Carbohydrates are stored in the liver and skeletal muscles in the form of Glycogen
______ adds bulk to the body that cannot be stored. Fiber
A ______ can be broken into two amino acids by dehydration synthesis dipeptide
All organic compounds contain? Carbon
Carbohydrates and proteins are built up from their basic building blocks by the? removal of a H2O molecule between each two units
CH4 is an Organic molecule
_______ is produced naturally by the liver, in addition to being ingested in foods Cholesterol
Level of organization that is the simplest level, atoms combine to form molecules, molecules form organelles Chemical level
Smallest units of living things and have unique functions of the body defines... Cellular level
The basic structural material of the body consists of Protein also 50 or more amino acids are called.. protein
The single most abundant protein in the body is ________. Collagen
Group of similar cells that have a common function. (epithelium,muscle,etc) Tissue level
The major function of DNA is to store the genetic instructions that are used during Protein synthesis
The genetic information is coded in DNA by the sequence of the nucleotides
The study of structure Anatomy
The study of function Physiology
The study of body cells and their internal structure Cytology
The study of tissue Histology
Examines the body parts that are visible to the naked eye. Gross Anatomy/Macroscopic
What are the 5 Gross anatomy approaches Systemic anatomy, Regional anatomy, Surface anatomy, Comparative anatomy, and Embryology
Studies the anatomy of each functional body system. ( ex: studying the urinary system would include kidneys,bladder and uretha.) Systemic anatomy
Examines all of the structures in a particular region of the body as a complete unit Regional anatomy
Focuses on both superficial anatomic markings and the internal body structures that relate to the skin covering them. Surface anatomy
Examines the similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species Comparative
Concern of the developmental changes occurring from conception to birth. Embryology
What are the 6 levels of structural organization? Chemical level, Cellular level, Tissue, Organ level, Organ system level, Organismal level
Which level of structural organization is considered to be the highest level Organismal level
The body is erect with feet slightly apart, and palms face forward with thumbs pointing away from the body anatomical position
described as cuts made diagonally between the horizontal and the vertical planes Oblique sections
Homeostasis is the condition in which the body maintains a relatively stable internal environment, within limits
A result of homeostatic imbalance could be Illness
Which body systems function is to produce blood cells and provides support? Skeletal system
The visceral serosa membrane covers the outer surface of organs in a body cavity
Which body system provides protection and regulates blood temperature? Ingeumentary system (Hair,skin, and nails)
What body system secretes hormones and regulates growth, reproduction, and ,metabolism? Endocrine system
Which body system transports, filters, and disposes of waste? Lymphatic/immunity system
Which body system is responsible for exchange of gases between blood and airways Respiratory system
Maintenance of a relatively stable internal environment despite continuous outside changes Homeostasis
What are the components of a Control mechanism Receptor, Control center,effector
Monitors environment and responds to stimuli Receptor
A typical phospholipid Hydrophobic and hydrophilic
receives output from control center, response acts to reduce or enhance the stimulus.(feedback) Effector
The response reduces or shuts off the original stimuli Negative feedback Regulate body temp, or blood volume
The response enhances the original stimulous Positive Feedback Contractions, blood clotting
Toward the head end of the body(Upper part) Superior(cranial)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of body inferior(caudal)
Front of the body Anterior(Ventral)
Back of the body posterior(Dorsal)
Midline of the body Medial
Away from the middle of the body Lateral
Between the medial and lateral structure intermediate
Closer to the origin of the body part Proximal
Farther from the origin of the body part Distal
Towards or at the body surface Superficial(External)
Away from the body surface Deep(internal)
Two major divisions of the body Axial:Head,Neck,Trunk Appendicular: limbs
The building blocks of elements are.. Atoms
Anything that has mass and takes up space Matter
A homogenous mixture of gases, liquids, or solids is referred to as a Solution
energy relationships between the electrons of the reacting atoms Chemical bonds
chemical bond formed by the transfer of one or more electrons from the outermost energy level (the valance shell) of one atom to that of the other. Ionic bond
When atoms or molecules combine to form larger, more complex molecules, the process is known as __________. Anabolism
What is considered the universal solvent? Water
A molecule of water is added for each bond broken in? Hydrolysis
Catabolic reactions involve A release of energy
Bonds that form between two atoms when one atom donates an electron to the other atom is called? Ionic bonds
The building blocks of RNA and DNA are __________. Nucleotides
Least healthy type of fat Trans fat
Amino acids are linked up by Peptides
Principle of elements in the human body C-Carbon, H-hydrogen, O-oxygen, N-Nitrogen
Created by: bwebb1351
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