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Semester 2 Biology

Photosynthesis 6 CO2 + 6 H20 light= C6H12O6 + 6 O2 In Chlorophyll
Cellular Respiration C6H12O6 + 6 O2 = 6 CO2 + 6 H20 In Mitochondria
Glycolysis First step in Cell Rep. Anaerobic In Cytoplasm
Krebs Cycle Second step in Cell Rep. Aerobic In Mitochondria
Electron Transport chain Last step in Cell Rep. Aerobic In Mitochondria
Lactic Acid Fermentation Enzymes convert pyruvate into acid and skeletal muscles produce it to supply oxygen.
Alcohol Fermentation Converts pyruvate into ethyl and carbon dioxide.
Sexual Reproduction Requires two of the same species to produce offspring. Offspring is genetically different.
Asexual Reproduction Does not require a mate to reproduce. Creates offspring that is genetically identical to the parent.
Malignant Tumors Cancerous, it destroys healthy tissue.
Benign Tumors Non-cancerous, it does not spread.
Differentiation Process where cells become specialized.
Crossing-Over Chromosomal segments are exchanged between a pair of homologous chromosomes.
Zygote Contains 2n number of chromosomes.
Genes Chromosome that carries information for proteins for a specific trait.
Alleles Different forms of a single gene passed down from generations.
Heterozyous Two different alleles for a particular trait.
Homozygous Dominant Two dominant alleles that are expressed.
Homozygous Recessive Two alleles are the same with no dominant allele expressed.
Phenotype Physical characteristics of a allele pair.
Genotype Organism's allele pairs.
Punnett Square Predicts possible offspring of two genotypes.
Dominant Allele that is always expressed.
Recessive Allele that is only expressed if there is no dominant allele present.
Gregor Mendel Performed cross-pollination in pea plants.
Genetic Engineering Technology that manipulates DNA of one organism.
Transcription DNA code is transferred to mRNA in the nucleus.
Translation Translates protein.
Codon Three bases code in DNA or mRNA.
Nucleotide Made up of five carbon sugar, phosphate and nitrogenous base.
Created by: MakStabs