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Nucleic Acid set 3

Nucleic Acid Module set 3

QuestionAnswer
Genetic code is a ________ meaning each three nucleotide codon in the mRNA specifies one amino acid triplet code
Genetic code is ______ meaning each codon read only once in translation non-overlapping
Genetic code is Universal
Genetic code is ______ meaning 18 out of 20 amino acids are coded by two or more codons degenerate and redundant
Genetic code has a start and stop signal
linear sequence of nucleotides with a fixed start point and end point and encodes a polypeptide, a tRNA, or an rRNA gene
gene that encodes a polypeptide cistron
organization of codons such that they can be read to give rise to a gene product reading frame
In transcription only 1 DNA 3’-5’ strand serves as the template
Transcription starts at (TATA box) promoter DNA
Transcription ends at terminator DNA
What is the enzyme responsible for the production of the RNA molecule? RNA polymerase
Breaks nucleotides at the the H-bonds between the bases,Then moves along one of the DNA strands and links RNA nucleotides together causing No “lagging strand” as only one DNA strand is transcribed RNA polymerase
RNA has a sugar ribose
DNA has a sugar deoxyribose
contains uracil (U) RNA
has thymine (T) DNA
RNA molecule is single-stranded
DNA is double-stranded
AUG or _____ is the start codon methionine
Created by: kprout