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Chapter 15 Vocab

TermDefinition
biosphere all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
biota collection of living things
hydrosphere collection of Earth's water bodies, ice, and water vapor
atmosphere air blanketing Earth's solid surface
geosphere features of Earth's surface- such as continents and the sea floor- and everything below Earth's surface
climate average long-term weather patterns of a region
microclimate climate of specific location within a larger area
canopy dense covering formed by the uppermost branches of trees
grassland biome in which the primary plant life is grass
desert biome characterized by a very dry climate
deciduous tree that has adapted to winter temperatures by dropping its leaves and going dormant during the cold season
coniferous tree that retains its needless year-round and reproduces with cones
taiga biome with long and cold winters, lasting up to six months; also called a boreal forest
tundra biome found at far northern latitudes where winters last as long as ten months per year
chaparral biomes characterized by hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters; also called Mediterranean shrub-land
intertidal zone strip of land between the high and low tide lines
neritic zone zone of the ocean that extends from the intertidal zone out to the edge of the continental shelf
bathyal zone zone of the ocean that extends from the edge of the neritic zone to the base of the continental shelf
abyssal zone depth of the ocean that lies below 2000 meters and is in complete darkness
plankton microscopic, free-floating organisms, which may be animals or protists, that live in the water
zooplankton animal plankton
phytoplankton photosynthetic microscopic protists, such as algae
coral reef ocean habitat found in the shallow coastal waters in a tropical climate
kelp forest ocean habitat that exists in cold, nutrient-rich, shallow coastal waters, composed of large communities of kelp, and seaweed
estuary partially enclosed body of water found where a river flows into the ocean
watershed region of land that drains into a river, river system, or other body of water
littoral zone area between the high and low water marks along the shoreline of a lake or pond
limnetic zone open water of a lake or pond that is located away from the shore
benthic zone lake or pond bottoms, where little to no sunlight can reach
Created by: mbaker36