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Biology Vocab

QuestionAnswer
What is a trait A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes
define Heredity The passing of traits from parents to offspring
define Genetics The scientific study of heredity
define Purebred An organism that always produces offspring with the same form of a trait as the parent
define Hybrid An organism that has two different alleles for a trait or an organism that is heterozygous for a particular trait
define P generation Parent generation and are purebreds
define F1 Generation offspring of the P generation and are hybrids
define F2 generation Offspring of the F1 generation and are also hybrids
Define genes A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
Define allele The different forms of a gene
Define recessive allele An allele that is masked when a dominate allele is present
define dominate allele an allele whose trait always show up in the organism when the allele is present
Define phenotype what the genotype looks like
Define genotype combination of symbols that represent the phenotype
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offspring through its genes is called what? Trait
The different forms of a gene is called what? Allele
what the genotype looks like is called what? phenotype
an allele whose trait always show up in the organism when the allele is present is called what? Dominate allele
Offspring of the F1 generation and are also hybrids is called what? F2 Generation
An allele that is masked when a dominate allele is present is called what? Recessive allele
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait is called what? Genes
The passing of traits from parents to offspring is called what? Heredity
Offspring of the P generation and are hybrids is called what? F1 generation
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait or an organism that is heterozygous for a particular trait is called what? Hybrid
An organism that always produces offspring with the same form of a trait as the parent is called what? Purebred
Parent generation and are purebreds is called what? P generation
The scientific study of heredity is called what? Genetics
Created by: Kupdegrove