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Biodiversity/Cycles

QuestionAnswer
When both organisms benefit from the relationship, what type of symbiosis is this? Mutualism
What type of symbiosis is it when one organism benefits but the other is harmed? Parasitism
A remora fish riding on the belly of a shark is an example of this type of symbiosis. Commensalism
A heart worm inside a dog would be this type of symbiosis. Parasitism
A clown fish living in a sea anemone would be this type of symbiosis. Mutualism
Organisms that help recycle matter in our ecosystems Decomposers
Primary decomposer of ecosystems Bacteria
Name three secondary decomposers in our ecosystem Insects, worms and spiders
Three factors that determine rate of decomposition Temperature, moisture and chemical makeup of organism being decomposed
Relationship between individuals of two different species who lives together Symbiosis
Win-Win symbiotic relationship Mutualism
Win-Lose symbiotic relationship Parasitism
Win-Not Affected symbiotic relationship Commensalism
Number of different organisms and species in a given area determines the ____ of the area. Biodiversity
In what three ways is biodiversity measured? Genetic, species and by looking at the ecosystem
When a biologist looks at the number of genetic variations in an area, they are researching what? Genetic biodiversity
When a biologist looks at the number of species in an area, they are researching what? Species biodiversity
What happens to biodiversity at the equator? The biodiversity is higher at the equator.
What happens to biodiversity at the Poles? Biodiversity is less at the Poles
Examples of abiotic factors in the environment include temperature, soil, sunlight and rainfall
A group of organisms in the same species makes up a population
Several different populations of different species living in the same area make up a community
A community with all the abiotic factors included makes up an ecosystem
Provisioning services provided by our ecosystem include food, water, medicine, energy and plants to use to make clothes
Regulating services provided by our ecosystem include water filtration, waste decomposition and crop pollination
Cultural services provided by our ecosystem include Personal growth, spiritual and taking in the beauty of nature
All of the part of the Earth that supports life is the biosphere
Any factor or condition that limits growth of a population within an ecosystem Limiting factor
When two individual of a species work together, this is coorporation
When individuals fight over food Competition
When a population reaches a state where it can no longer grow, it has reached its carrying capacity
Three reactants needed to do photosynthesis Carbon dioxide, water and sunlight
What does photosynthesis produce? Glucose and oxygen
Two reactants of cellular respiration are Glucose and oxygen
What does cellular respiration produce? Carbon dioxide, water and ATP
What is the main purpose of cellular respiration? To produce ATP
What is the main purpose of photosynthesis? To produce glucose
Which organisms undergo photosynthesis? Plants
Which organisms undergo cellular respiration? Plants and animals
Where does photosynthesis occur on a cellular level? Chloroplast
Where does cellular respiration occur? Mitochondria
What part of the plant does photosynthesis? Leaves
What are the openings on the underside of leaves that allow for gases to pass into or out of? Stomata
Created by: connie.hambey