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Chemistry

TermDefinition
Mitosis -----Process by which the hereditary material in the parent CELL replicates and divides into two (2) IDENTICAL daughter nuclei (cells).
Diploid (number) the total number of chromosomes in normal body cells; two matching homologs of each kind
Chromosome(s) a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
Interphase Interphase ‘RESTING PHASE’ which occurs between mitotic cycles. The cell grows and replicates here.
Crossing over the interchange of sections between pairing homologous chromosomes during the prophase of meiosis
Anaphase chromosomes move to OPPOSITE poles
Haploid/Monoploid hapliod (of a cell or nucleus) having a single set of unpaired chromosomes. monoploid having the basic or haploid number of chromosomes.
Daughter nuclei daughter nuclei The nuclei that result from the division of a single nucleus.
Tetrad A four-part structure that forms during the prophase of meiosis and consists of two homologous chromosomes, each composed of two sister chromatids.
Gametogenesis Gametogenesis( production of the games)
Meiosis (genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
Metaphase the second stage of mitosis
Cytokinesis ----The cell membrane pinches in and the CYTOPLASM divides into two (2).
Disjunction disjunction happens when homologous chromosomes move apart toward the opposite poles of the cell in anaphase I.
Variation Variation happen during Crossing over in prophase I
Replication The process when the DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
Synapsis the side by side pairing of homologous maternal and paternal chromosomes at the start of meiosis
Prophase Prophase first phase, double chromosomes are VISIBLE
Centrioles one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope
Created by: 1009733