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Ecology

terms related to ecology

QuestionAnswer
Producer An organism that makes its own food with the help of sunlight, chlorophyll, CO2, and H2O by the process of photosynthesis. All green plants are producers.
Autotroph All green plants are autotrophs - auto means 'self' and troph means ' food'
Herbivores Organisms that feed only on plants for their food
Consumers Living organisms that eat plants directly or indirectly
Carnivores Organisms that eat other animals for their food
Omnivores Organisms that feed on both plants and animals for their food
Biotic Living factors in an environment
Abiotic Non-living factors in an environment
Heterotrophs All consumers are called heterotrophs
Decomposer An organism that feeds on dead organic matter for their food and helps the environment by adding nutrients to the soil
Predator An organism that hunts on another animal for its food
Prey An organism that gets hunted
Scavenger An animal that feeds on dead organisms, especially a carnivorous animal that eats dead animals rather than or in addition to hunting live prey.
Ecology Branch of science that deals with study of organisms and their interactions with abiotic factors.
Created by: Sanand