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Plant Review

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Non-vascular Plant plants that do not have tubes and do not have true roots, leaves or stems
Vascular Plant plants with tubes that conduct materials throughout the plant
Gymnosperm a seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by an ovary or fruit but by a cone.
Angiosperm a flowering plant whose seeds are covered by an ovary or fruit
Taproot one main root with many smaller roots branching from it
Fibrous root several main roots that branches to make a bunch of thin roots
Rhizoid a root like structure in nonvascular plants that hold the plants in place and helps plants get water and nutrients
Xylem transport tubes that carry water up the plant
Phloem transport tubes that carry water down the plant
Cuticle a waxy layer that coats the leaves and stems to reduce water loss
Epidermis a layer of cells on the surface of a leaf or stem
Stomata/Stoma openings in a leaf that allow carbon dioxide in and oxygen out
Guard Cells curved cells around a stoma that control the opening and closing of the stoma
Transpiration process by which plants let water vapor out - loss of water through the leaves
Pistil female reproductive organs of an angiosperm
Ovary the lower part of the pistil that produces eggs or ovules
Stamen the male reproductive organ in an angiosperm that produces pollen
Anther makes the pollen
Petal colorful structure that attracts pollinators
Sepal modified leaf that protects the bud
Pollen Sperm of the plant
Fruit Ripened ovary of a flowering plant
Tropism growth in particular movements
Herbaceous Stem green and flexible stem
Woody Stem hard bark like stem - usually bark on a tree
Created by: LPerry-Shaske