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DNA Quiz

DNA Quiz-8th grade science

QuestionAnswer
Human Genome A complete set of DNA found within the nucleus of one cell that contains instructions to create that organism
Chromosome A condensed, coiled, and organized package of DNA
DNA molecule An organism's genetic material that encodes a detailed set of plans (blueprint) for building parts of the cell
Gene A section or segment of DNA that contains the genetic information for one trait/characteristic
Karyotype The human genome is often displayed in an arrangement of of 23 pairs of chromosomes called this...
Nucleus The part of a eukaryotic cell that directs cell activity and contains genetic information stored in DNA
Cell The smallest unit of life
Nucleotides DNA is made of these molecules or building blocks that form the double helix
Sugar Deoxyribose. Part of the nucleotide
Cytosine A nitrogen base that is complementary to Guanine
Guanine A nitrogen base that is complementary to Cytosine
Thymine A nitrogen base that is complementary to Adenine.
Adenine A nitrogen base that is complementary to Thymine.
Replication Two identical strands of DNA are produced in this process
Nitrogen base Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine. Part of the nucleotide.
Phosphate group Attached to the sugar/Deoxyribose to form the backbone of DNA double helix. Part of the Nucleotide.
23 chromosomes The number of chromosomes a normal human cells holds. A picture of this is called a Karyotype.
Created by: Valleysj