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Med Bac

Exam 1

QuestionAnswer
Hospital acquired infections Nosocomial
The presence of microorganisms in a living host Infectious disease
An organism that is capable of causing an infection Pathogen
The degree that a pathogen can cause damage to a host Virulence
Short, strong infection (neutrophils, cellulitis, accesses, necrosis) Acute infection
Purulent Pus (dead neutrophils, bacteria and epithelial cells)
long-standing infection (neutrophils, lymphocytes, plasma cells) mononuclear wbc's Chronic
Body tries to block off pathogen w/ hard build up Granulomatous
infection that occurs in the immunocompromised host opportunistic
neither benefits or harmed on either end Commensalism or Colonization
Benefits host and invader symbiosis
One benefits and one is harmed Parasitism
Lives on dead or organic matter Saprophyte
Expose to organism through external sources (Inhalation, ingestion, puncture) Exogenous
Exposed to organism through internal sources (something moving from one part of your body to the other because a break in your natural barrier) Endogenous
Pain Dolor
Calor Heat
Rubor Redness
Tumor Swelling