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AP Biology CH 8

Introduction to Metabolism

The transfer of free energy from catabolic pathways to anabolic pathways is best called energy coupling
process of breaking down large molecules into smaller ones catabolism
energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be converted from one form to another Conservation of energy
Chemical energy is a form of _____ energy potential
What type of reaction breaks the bonds that join the phosphate groups in an ATP molecule? hydrolysis
A(n) _____ reaction occurs spontaneously. exergonic
reactions that requires a net input of energy from its surroundings endergonic
Enzymes are _____ Protein
chemical agents that speeds up a reaction without being consumed catalyst
reactant are called substrates
if the enzyme's shape is changed to fit the substrate this is referred to as the________theory induced fit
The energy for an endergonic reaction comes from a(n) _____ reaction. exergonic
takes small molecules and makes them bigger using energy anabolic pathway
while changing the form of energy, we lose some amount of enegy along the HEAT this is ______ law of thermodynamic second law of thermodynamics
Adding a phosphate group to anything phosphorylation
Created by: preetpatel