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Chemistry

TermDefinition
pericardium The layer in contact with the heart is referred to as the visceral layer, the outer layer in contact with surrounding organs is the parietal pericardium.
veins re an important part of our circulatory system. They are responsible for returning deoxygenated blood back to the heart after arteries carry blood out.
capillaries Capillaries form a network throughout the body for the exchange of oxygen, metabolic waste products, and carbon dioxide between blood and tissue cells.
arteries A vessel that carries blood high in oxygen content away from the heart to the farthest reaches of the body.
oxygenated To combine or mix with oxygen, as in a physical, chemical, or biological system. Blood is oxygenated in the lungs
deoxygenated is when oxygen has been removed from blood or water.
agglutination is the process that occurs if an antigen is mixed with its corresponding antibody called isoagglutinin.
ventricles is a hollow area or cavity within an organ, usually filled with some kind of fluid.
atria The thin-walled chambers of the heart that pump blood into the ventricles. Consists of right atrium and left atrium.
septum a septum (Latin for something that encloses; plural septa) is a wall, dividing a cavity or structure into smaller ones.
valves is a device that opens or closes to let things through or to prevent passage.
antibodies a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen. Antibodies combine chemically with substances that the body recognizes as alien, such as bacteria, viruses, and foreign substances in the blood.
pulse is a rhythmic beating in the arteries caused by the beating of the heart.
plasma is the yellowish fluid in blood that makes up the 55% of the total blood volume.
platelets A particle found in the bloodstream that binds to fibrinogen at the site of a wound to begin the blood clotting process.
white blood cells are produced and derived from multipotent cells in the bone marrow known as hematopoietic stem cells.
red blood cells contain hemoglobin and it is the hemoglobin which permits them to transport oxygen (and carbon dioxide).
vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease.
immunity a body's ability to destroy pathogens before they cause disease.
cancer the disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.
Created by: 1009737