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Oriole IB ATP-Enzyme

vocab 4 energy ATP enzymes

TermDefinition
ACTIVATION type of energy needed to start any chemical reaction
ACTIVE SITE the part of an enzyme that actually 'fits' the substance it works on
CELLS the smallest living parts of any living organism
CENTRIOLES these are found in animal cells and are critical for cell division
COENZYMES organic molecules that can be used to change enzymes' shapes to make them work better
DIFFUSION the random movement of particles from higher to lower concentrations
ENZYMES molecules made of protein that are used to speed up chemical reactions in living cells
EXERGONIC chemical reactions that give off energy - an example would be a burning candle
GLYCOLYSIS energy needed to remake ATP from ADP comes from this process of breaking apart sugars
HYDROLYSIS process needs water to remove a phosphate from ATP in order to release energy
KINETIC also called the 'energy of motion', this is used by cells when they do work
LABOR concept of having each organelle perform a different function is known as "division of ___"
LYSOSOMES organelles that break down food using powerful enzymes
MULTICELLULAR any organism that is composed of more than one cell is called this
NITROGEN element that is found in adenine, but not in ribose or phosphoric acid
NUCLEUS contains the genetic material (DNA) of a cell and controls all its functions
PHOSPHORIC ACIDS most of the stored energy in an ATP is found between these molecules
POTENTIAL type of energy that is stored in the high-energy bonds of ATP
RIBOSE the five-carbon sugar that is found in an ATP molecule
RIBOSOMES these organelles are necessary for producing the proteins that make up enzymes
SUBSTRATE the substance that an enzyme's shape attaches to (like a key fits in a lock)
VACUOLES liquid-filled plant cell organelles used for storage
WATER cytoplasm is made mostly of this; it's also given off during dehydration synthesis reactions
Created by: nstevens