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vocab big test

TermDefinition
Consumer Those organisms that obtain energy by feeding on other organisms and their remains; a person buying goods or services for personal needs or to use in the production of other goods for resale.
Decomposer An organism often microscopic in size, that obtains nutrients by consuming dead organic matter, thereby making nutrients accessible to other organisms;
Shredder Through chewing and/ or grinding, microorganisms feed on non-woody coarse particulate matter, primarily leaves
Dichotomous The two branches dividing into two choices considered
Pest A label applied to an organism when it is in competition with humans for some resource
Integrated Pest Management A variety of pest control methods that include repairs, traps, bait, poison, etc. to eliminate pests
Ecosystem A community of living organisms and their interrelated physical and chemical environment
Environment The total of the surroundings (air, water, soil, vegetation, people, wildlife) influencing each living being's existence, including physical, biological and all other factors; the surrounding of a plant or animal,includingplantsoranimals,climateorlocation
Homeostasis The tendency for a system by resisting change to remain in a state of equilibrium
Abiotic A non-living factor or element (e.g., light, water, heat, rock, energy, mineral).
Biotic An environmental f actor related to or produced by living organisms
Biome Different places that pertain to a certain heat or weather that suits the organisms that inhabit the specific biome ( different regions, plants, and animals)
Niche (ecological) The role played by an organism in an ecosystem; its food preferences, requirements for shelter, special behaviors and the timing of its activities, (nocturnal, diurnal), interaction with other organisms and its habitat
Acid Deposition Precipitation with a pH less than 5.6 that forms in the atmosphere when certain pollutants mix with water vaor
Stream Order Energy and nutrient flow that increases as water moves toward the oceans ( e.g., smallest stream (primary) that ends when rivers flow into oceans).
Topographic Map A map that represents the physical features of earth ( 3-D, mountains, depressions)
Watershed The land area from which surface runoff drains into a stream, channel, lake, reservoir or other body of water; also called a drainage basin
Wetlands Lands where water saturation is the dominant factor determining the nature of the soil development and the plant and animal communities ( e.g., sloughs, estuaries, marches).
Hydrology The study on water on the earth ( movements, quality, distribution)
Groundwater Water that infiltrates the soil and is located in underground reservoirs called aquifiers
Mitigation The policy of constructing or creating man-made habitats, such as wetlands, to replace those lost in developments
Lentic Relating to or living in still water
Lotic Relating to or living in actively moving water
Created by: 22rickert.zac