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Coccidia & Microsporidium

What is the gold standard for diagnosis of Microsporidium? Electron Microscopy
What stain is required to see and diagnose Coccidia? Modified Acid-Fast
What type of patients are more prone to Coccidial infections than the general population? Immunocompromised patients, particularly HIV patients
Describe a key symptom of Cryptosporidium parvum infection in immunocompromised patients Torrential diarrhea - it's likely that normal patients will recover from an infection without experiencing this symptom, but immunocompromised patients will experience continual torrential diarrhea and the resulting electrolyte deficiences
Why is it critical to distinguish between Cryptosporidium parvum and Cyclospora cayetanensis infections, and how are they best distinguished? They are treated differently - C. cayetanensis can be treated with an antibiotic. They are best distinguished by size when stained by Modified Acid-Fast stain
Created by: kldulfer