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Biology Honors

Study for finals

What are the molecules needed for life? carbs, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids
What is the function of Carbs? Give short term energy
What is the function of Lipids? Aka fat, give long term energy
What is the function of proteins? Build muscles and the immune system
What is the function of Nucleic acid? Make up DNA and RNA
What is a monomer? What makes up a biomolecule
What is the monomer of lipids? Made of 3 fatty acids and glyerol
What is the monomer of nucleic acids? Nucleotides
What is the monomer for proteins? Amino Acids
What is the monomer for carbs? Monosaccarchides
What do enzymes do? Speed up reactions and make the energy necessary for the reaction decline
What elements are lipids made of? Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
What elements are proteins made of? Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Sulenium
What elements are carbs made of? Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
What elements are nucleic made of? Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, and phosphates
What shape are lipids? An E
What shape are proteins? Long chain of Carbon
What shape are carbs? A hexagon
What shape are nucleic acids? 3 parts to it
What is a catalyst? A substance that changes the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed in the reaction
What organisms were around first? (Eukaryotes or prokaryotes) Prokaryotes
What are the 5 kingdoms? Eubacteria, Archaebacteria, Animals, Protists, Plants, Fungi
What causes evolution? Natural Selection
What is the scientific name? Genus than species
What is speciation? When one species becomes two because of behavioral isolation
What is punctuated equilibrium? Periods without any major changes and than short, sudden changes that resulted in evolution
What are restriction enzymes? Cut DNA into different size fragments
What is genetic drift Change allele frequencies and is more dramatic in small populations
What is the bottleneck effect? A drastic reduction in the size of a population
What is the founder effect? A few individuals establish a new population
What is allopatric speciation? Speciation that occurs because populations live in different places?
What is the order of taxonomy in an ecosystem? Domain>Kingdom>Phylum>Class>Order>Family>Genus>Species
What is gymnosperm? A vascular plant with the seeds not enclosed in a flower or fruit
What is agniosperm? A vascular plant with the seeds enclosed in a flower or fruit
Created by: maireadheckler
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