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Adaptations

Adaptation of plants and animals

QuestionAnswer
Physiology The study of internal and external functions of living systems.trait
Trait A characteristic of an organism, can be genetic or acquired.
Population A group of interacting individuals of the same species located in the same area.
Adaptation A process by which a population becomes better suited to its environment by increasing the beneficial traits for survival and reproduce.
Variation The occurrence of an organism, trait or gene in more than one form.
Natural selection A process by which organisms with favorable traits produce more successful offspring than organisms with less favorable traits, causing the favorable traits to become more common.
Selective breeding A form of artificial selection whereby deliberate breeding results in desired traits in plants and animals.
Migration Movement to a different geographical region where conditions are more favorable.
Hibernation A slowed physiological state of an organism to survive long periods of cold temperature or reduced food supplies.
Generation A group of people who live at the same time and are about the same age.
Pod A group of dolphins that live together.
behavior A way of reacting to a certain set of circumstances.
species A group of related organisms with characteristics that distinguish them from other groups of organisms.
Instinct Inherited behavior that leads animals of the same species to act certain ways in certain situations.
Habitat The natural conditions and environment in which a plant or animal lives.
Ecology The study of how organisms interact with one another and their environment.
Endotherm An animal that is capable of generating internal heat. Warm-blooded.
Exotherm An animal that depends on external sources to regulate body temperature. Cold-blooded.
Created by: Davis001