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CNS

TermDefinition
Brain protections cranium, meninges, cerebral spinal fluid, Blood Brain barrier.
Spinal tap a needle is inserted in the lumbar region to remove cerebral spinal fluid as a treatment or for diagnosis
West Nile Virus virus transmitted by mosquitos • Commonly found in tropical/temperate climates  •80% of those infected have no symptoms •Those with symptoms – usually flu-like •RARELY – meningitis/encephalitis
cerebral palsy Problems with voluntary muscle movements because of damage to developing brain (often before birth) •Symptoms: Stiff muscles, exaggerated reflexes, lack of coordination, involuntary movements 
hydrocephalus increased amount of CSF in ventricles of brain that causes swelling of head
Meningitis inflammation of the linings of the brain and spinal cord •Tests: blood cultures, x-rays, LUMBAR PUNCTURE  •Symptoms: Severe headache, Stiff neck, Nausea/Vomiting
Multiple Sclerosis chronic autoimmune disease that attacks myelin sheaths •Symptoms: Weakness of extremities, Numbness, Double vision, Speech problems 
Parkinson's disease idiopathic disease where dopamine producing cells slowly die •Symptoms: Tremors, Slow movement, Shuffling gait, Muscular rigidity, Dementia in late stages
Poliomelitis contagious viral disease of nerve - almost eradicated in US because of vaccine •Flu-like symptoms that may lead to  paralysis and death 
Alzheimer's Disease Idiopathic degenerative disease where nerve endings in cerebrum deteriorate •Usually Elderly •Symptoms: Memory loss, Personality changes, Impaired reasoning, Late – loss of physical functions
Epilepsy caused by excessive uncontrolled electrical activity in brain •diagnosed with EEG •Symptoms: Hallucinations, Seizures, sometimes loss of consciousness
Types of memory storage Long term and short term memory
Factors influencing transfer of STM to LTM emotional state, repetition, association,
Declarative memory memory of facts and events, and refers to those memories that can be consciously recalled
Procedural memory The unconscious memory of skills and how to do things, particularly the use of objects or movements of the body
lumbar puncture also called a spinal tap. A needle is inserted in the lumbar region to remove a cerebral spinal fluid.
concussion an alteration of brain function after a blow to the head.
Cerebral vascular accident also called a stroke. Blood circulation to an area of the brain is blocked because of a artery is blocked or ruptures.
cerebral edema swelling of the brain
subdural hematoma blood accumulating in brain cavity increasing pressure on the brain.
Created by: PRO Teacher jhaase