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Honors Week 5

Mitosis and Meiosis

QuestionAnswer
anaphase The stage of mitosis and meiosis in which the chromosomes move to opposite ends of the nuclear spindle
asexual reproduction involves only one parent.
cell cycle (G1, S, G2) a period of time in which cell prepares for cell division until new cell produces; has a two growth stages and a synthesis of DNA stage.
cytokinesis the division of the cell cytoplasm that usually follows mitotic or meiotic division of the nucleus.
Interphase the period of the cell cycle during which the nucleus is not undergoing division
Metaphase the stage of mitosis and meiosis, following prophase and preceding anaphase, during which the chromosomes are aligned along the equatorial plate
Mitosis process in which the nucleus of a cell divides into two nuclei, each with the same number and kind of chromosomes.
Prophase the first stage of mitosis, during which the chromosomes condense and become visible, the nuclear membrane breaks down, and the spindle apparatus forms at opposite poles of the cell.
sexual reproduction involving two parents.
Telophase The final stage of mitosis or meiosis during which the chromosomes of daughter cells are grouped in new nuclei.
centromere point at which replicated chromosomes are held together
chromatids one-half of two identical copies of a replicated chromosome.
Diploid term used to indicate cell containing two homologues of each chromosome.
haploid having a single set of unpaired chromosomes.
crossing over The reciprocal exchange of genetic material between during prophase I.
genetic variation Characteristic of an organism that makes it different from the species.
meiosis process in which the nucleus of a cell completes two successive divisions that produces four nuclei, each with a chromosome number that has been reduced by half.
Created by: nbctbio