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Bio Vocabulary throughout the year along with questions asked in the final

Forensic Science The application of scientific knowledge to questions of civil and criminal law.
Adenine A component of nucleic acids, energy-carrying molecules such as ATP, and certain coenzymes. Chemically, it is a purine base.
Chromosome Any of the usually linear bodies in the cell nucleus that contain the genetic material.
Cytosine A component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary information in DNA and RNA in cells. Chemically, it is a pyrimidine base.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell’s proteins.
Gel Electrophoresis The separation of nucleic acids or proteins, on the basis of their size and electrical charge, by measuring their rate of movement through an electrical field in a gel.
Gene A discrete unit of hereditary information consisting of a specific nucleotide sequence in DNA (or RNA, in some viruses).
Guanine A component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary information in DNA and RNA in cells. Chemically, it is a purine base.
Nucleotide A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
Thymine A component of nucleic acid that carries hereditary information in DNA in cells. Chemically, it is a pyrimidine base.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) A comprehensive set of standards and practices designed to give patients specific rights regarding their personal health information.
Cardiovascular System The transport system of the body responsible for carrying oxygen and nutrients to the body and carrying away carbon dioxide and other wastes; composed of the heart, blood vessels, and blood.
Digestive System The group of organs that break down foods into chemical components that the body can absorb and use for energy and for building and repairing cells and tissues.
Nervous System The bodily system that in vertebrates is made up of the brain and spinal cord, nerves, ganglia, and parts of the receptor organs and that receives and interprets stimuli and transmits impulses to the effector organs.
Respiratory System A system of organs, functioning in the process of gas exchange between the body and the environment, consisting especially of the nose, nasal passages, nasopharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs.
Antibody An antigen-binding immunoglobulin, produced by B cells, that functions as the effector in an immune response.
Aseptic Technique A procedure performed under sterile conditions.
Bacillus A cylindrical or rod-shaped bacterium.
Coccus A spherical bacterium.
Gram Stain A method for the differential staining of bacteria
Prion Any of various infectious proteins that are abnormal forms of normal cellular proteins, that proliferate by inducing the normal protein to convert to the abnormal form, and that in mammals include pathogenic forms.
Protozoan Any protist of the phylum or subkingdom Protozoa.
Angiogram The radiographic visualization of blood vessels after the injection of radiopaque substance.
Angioplasty Surgical repair or recanalization of a blood vessel.
Coronary Bypass
Created by: Annika12115231
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