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Photo & Respiration

Photosynthesis, Respiration and Respiratory System

TermDefinition
Photosynthesis Process in which light energy is converted into chemical energy of organic compounds (food)
Why is Photosynthesis important? Give energy to organisms and oxygen
Glucose Gives energy
Starch Glucose is stored as
Photosynthesis Equation Carbon Dioxide + Water + Sunlight -> Glucose + Oxygen
Cuticule A waxy covering that helps to prevent water loss
Epidermis An outer layer on the top and bottom of a leaf that is about a cell thick
Stomata Openings in lower epidermis that allows CO2, O2, and H2O vapor in and out of the leaf
Guard Cell Regulate size of stomata to help to prevent water loss
Palisade Layer The long cells that has more chloroplasts → more photosynthesis
Sponge Layer Contains open spaces with less chloroplasts → less photosynthesis
Mesophyll Between upper and lower epidermis
Vascular Tissue / Veins Xylem and Phloem
Xylem Transports water through plant
Phloem Transports food throughout the plant
White Light All the colors of the rainbow
ROYGBIV Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet
Why are plants green? They absorb all the colors except green which they reflect.
Cellular Respiration The process in which the chemical energy stored in organic compounds (glucose) is released
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate. It is produced during cell respiration
ADP Adenosine Diphosphate, contains only 2 phosphate groups
Aerobic Respiration Oxygen is used to create energy it is very efficient
Cellular Respiration Equation Glucose + Oxygen -> ATP + Carbon Dioxide + Water
Anaerobic Respiration Oxygen is NOT used to make ATP instead fermentation takes place.
Ethyl Alcohol Fermentation Occurs in yeast and bacteria and is used in brewing and baking industries
Lactic Acid Fermentation Occurs in animals as a results in buildup of lactic acid in muscle cells
Nose / Nasal Passage Lined with a ciliate mucus membrane that warm, moisten and filter the air
Pharynx Throat
Larynx Voice box that contain the vocal cords
Epiglottis Muscular flap that covers the trachea when swallowing food or liquid to prevent it from entering the lungs
Trachea the windpipe that is lined with ciliated mucous membranes
Bronchi 2 main branches enter lungs
Alveoli Air Sacs that are surrounded by capillaries where gas exchange occurs
Diaphragm Sheet of muscle underneath the lungs that aids in breathing
Inhalation Air traveling into the lungs
Exhalation Air being pushed out of the lungs
Medulla Oblongata Controls the rate of breathing by monitoring the CO2 levels of blood
Pneumonia An infection and inflammation of the lungs when the alveoli fill with fluid and mucus resulting in coughing and difficulty breathing
Asthma An allergic reaction that results in the construction of bronchial muscles which reduces the amount of air able to get into the lungs
Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi results in the over - secrete mucus and causes coughing and difficulty breathing
Emphysema the air sacs lose their elasticity and breakdown, which results in less gas exchange. It is caused by smoking
Created by: CMacKay16