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English Vocab*

AP English vocab

ante before
anti against
bi two
circum around
antagonist a character who causes conflict
com together
con together
de down
dis away
equi equal
extra beyond
inter between
intra within
intro into
mal bad
mis bad
non not
post after
pre before
semi half
sub under
super over
syn together
sym together
tri three
un not
enjambment jamming sentences together and leaving out punctuation on purpose
fable short story which tells a moral
flashback events that are in the characters' past; pupose is to help reader understand the character
foreshadow hints, clues that suggest what the future brings
foil the opposite of, the complementary of the other
flat not well developed, no opportunity to change
framing a story that ends the same way it begin EX: Their Eyes Were Watching God
ellipsis 3 dots to show, 1) a piece of quote that has been left out, 2) indicate time change or different speaker
epithet giving someone a bad name, an unflattering name
sigurative language that exaggerates. EX: he is as big as a house
hubris pride. Pride is bad in literature, a character with pride will fall
hyperbole an exaggeration. EX: I can't live without my cell phone
litotes an exaggeration that makes the situation smaller than it really is EX: Monte Python
idiom slang EX: break a leg
imagery word choice that creates image through the 5 sense EX: sticky stinky green sweet loud goo
inversion putting the character last in a sentence, the purpose is to slow sentence down, creates suspend EX: a jedi knight you are not
irony situations that doesn't go the way you would expect
verbal irony you say something you don't mean
conflict there are 4 kinds: 1) man vs. man 2) man vs. nature 3) man vs. self 4) man vs. unkown (GOD)
complication the events that build up to the conflict
crisis greater build up of problems leading to the catastrophe
connotation associated meaning. Can have a negative mean or a positive meaning to the original word
denotation dictionary definition
device techniques and tools writer uses
dialect how the character speaks, accents, spells how it is spoken
dialogue the words and sentences that the character speaks. The word and sentences are put inside the quotation mark
diction word choice 1) high - academic, formal 2) middle - conversational 3) low - informal, break grammer rules, slang language
dilemma a situation without a positive outcome
dynamic character character that change
epigram a little saying, usually clever
epitaph an epigram on a tombstone
figurative language language that is not literal, suggestion, not exact
idiom phrase used by a culture
periodic sentence a sentence that makes you wait for the point
parody a work that makes fun of another work by imitating it
paradox a seemingly impossible situation
parallelism parallel stories that eventually intersect
persona the character telling the story, not the writer
point of view first person/third person, or perspective of others
plot the order of events
prose not poetry, not drama, written in paragraph form
protagonist the character that deals with the conflict that the antagonist caused
pun play on words
personification human characteristics given to nonhuman objects
realism presents the real world, writer write the story to find a point
rhyme scheme rhymes with similar endings (day, way)
romanticism super natural, the ideal world
satire uses a negative to bring out the positive, constructive criticism
setting where andd when a story takes place
slang nonstandard diction
slant rhyme words that look like they should rhyme but do not
soliloquy speech of a character to himself (thinking outloud)
stanza paragraphs of poetry, grouping of words in a poem
static character a character that doesn't change despite the opportunity
sarcasm verbal irony (say what you don't mean, knowing you said it)
style theway the writer uses stolls such as irony, metaphors, contrast, etc.
synecdoche mentioning a part, but meaning the whole (lend me your ears)
syntax sentence structure
theme the point of a story, ideas/concerns/issues the writer wishes to address in the novel
thesis the topic with a narrow focus, the statement which the writer makes and back up with support
tone how the story sound, EX: melancholy, mysterious, etc.
transition a phrase that connects a paragraph with the ones before
wit a type of humor, clever
onomatopoeia word that is the sound it makes EX: ding ding dong
jargon language accepted in a field or hobby
pedestrian v. pedantic standard language v. language with huge vocabulary
four types of rhetorical style narration, description, exposition, persuasion
metonymy a nickmane that reveals the character
motif when symbol is repeated
oxymoron 2 word paradox EX: holy war
malapropism irony where you unknowning use the wrong word
juxtaposition opposit ideas present in the same sentence EX: it was the BEST of time, it was the WORST of time
The order of event for trouble 1) complications 2) conflict 3) crisis 4) climax ?) catastrophe can be anywhere
mono vs. poly syllabic smaller simple words v. big complex words
3 level of words 1) appearance 2) poly syllabic 3) meaning
concrete vs. abstract (specific vs. general) EX: flag v. freedom , object v. idea presented in the object
Created by: Tiffastic