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bio chemistry vocab

TermDefinition
mono one
Di two
poly many
De to remove /take away
ose sugar
ase enzyme
saccharide sugar
hydro/a water
dehydrate to remove water
lysis to break down
synthesis to build or put together
glyco sweet
hydrolysis to break something down with water
dehydration synthesis putting something together by removing the water
inorganic compounds compound having either carbon or hydrogen
organic compounds compound having both carbon and hydrogen
lipids (fat) organic molecules that cant be dissolved in water .they are made of glycerol and fatty acids
proteins organic molecules that are needed for growth and repair and are made of chains of amino acids .
carbohydrates organic compound that are the main source of energy for body and made of simple sugars
nucleic acids organic substance found in organisms .they are made of nucleotides
amino acids subunits or building block or proteins
peptide molecule composed of two or more amino acids in a chain
enzymes organic molecules that control the rate /speed of chemical reactions
catalyst compound that speed up or slows down chemical reaction
denature changing the shape of the enzyme
DNA hereditary in the nucleus of almost every cell
RNA nucleic acid that assist DNA in making protein
monomer molecules that make up the subunit of a polymer
polymer macromolecule made up of many monomers
glycogen molecules in which glucose is stored in the liver
Created by: ashley2063xo
 

 



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