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biochemistry

jhrbuiervibvrbhirbui

TermDefinition
mono one
di two
poly many
de to remove or take away
ose suger
ase enzyme
hydro/a water
dehydrate to remove water
lysis to break down
synthesis to build or put together
glyco sweet
hydrolysis breaking something down with water
dehydration synthesis putting something together by removing the water
inorganic compounds compounds having either carbon or hydrogen
organic compounds compounds having both carbon or hydrogen
lipids organic molecules that cant be dissolved in water they are made of glycerol and fatty acids
proteins organic molecules that are needed for growth and repair and are made of chains of amino acids
carbohydrates organic compounds that are main sources of energy for the body and made of simple sugars
nucleic acids organic substances found in an organism they are made of nucleotide
amino acids sub units or building blocks of proteins
peptide molecule composed of two or more amino acids in a chain
enzymes organic molecules that control the rate/speed of chemicals reactions
catalyst compound that speeds up or slows down chemical reactions
denature changing the shape of the enzymes
DNA hereditary material in the nucleus of almost every cell
RNA nucleic acid that assist DNA in making proteins
monomer molecule that makes up the sub unit of a polymer
polymer macro molecule made up of many monomers
glycogen molecule in which glucose is stored in the liver
Created by: Miguel15