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Chapter 6

Meiosis and Mendel

TermDefinition
somatic cell cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except gametes
gamete sex cell; an egg or a sperm cell
autosome chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of an organism
sex chromosome chromosomes that directly controls the development of sexual characteristics
sexual reproduction process by which two gametes fuse and offspring that are a genetic mixture of both parents are produced
fertilization fusion of an egg and a sperm
diploid cell that has two copies of each chromosome, one from an egg and one from a sperm
haploid cell that has only one copy of each chromosome
meiosis form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into haploid cells; important in forming gametes for sexual reproduction
gametogenesis process by which gametes are produced through the combination of meiosis and other maturational changes
sperm male gamete
egg female gamete
polar body haploid cell produced during meiosis in the female of many species; these cells have little more than DNA and eventually disintegrate
Created by: harolds21