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Biochemistry - 11th Bio

Inorganic Not organic, not living. example rocks
Organic Compound derived from an organism, contain carbon
Carbon 6 protons, 6 neutrons, 6 elections
--OH makes alcohol a polar molecule, alcohols have similar properties to water, such as.... 1) H Bonds 2) Liquid at room temps 3) High Specific heat
Carbohydrates Organic compound Composed of C, H & O: Provide Energy for the cell
Monosaccharide 1 sugar, Glucose and Fructose
Disaccharide 2 sugar, Sucrose (table sugar)
Energy The ability to move or change matter
Energy exists in many forms such as 1) Light 2) Heat 3) Chemical 4) Mechanical 5) Electrical
Law of Conservation of Energy Energy may change from 1 form to another, but the total amount of energy does not change
Chemical RXN (reaction) The process where bonds between atoms are broken and now ones form
Law of Conservation of Mass Matter is neither created or destroyed in any change
Polymer Repeated linked units, like a necklace made up of 1000's of beads
Macromolecule Huge molecule, DNA
Condensation reaction Chemical rxn that links monomers together by removing H2O
Hydrolysis Adding H20 to break apart/cut down molecules
Polysaccharide Many Sugars, storage in plant: starch, in humans: Glycogen
Structural polysaccharides Plant: Cellulose
Lipids Fats Contain C, H, O H to O ration is large
Saturated Fats Contain only single bonds
Unsaturated Have double or triple bond
H2O barriers Phospholipid bilayer
Proteins Contain C, H, O, N and made up of amino acids
Enzymes a substance that increases the speed of a chemical reaction
Activation Energy the amount of kinetic energy needed to start a reaction
Alignment Proper orientation of molecules needed for a reaction to occur, lock and key
Substrate The substance that is being broken down
Created by: boydj08
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