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Dysphagia Intro

What is dysphagia difficulty eating or swallowing
dysphagia includes oral prep, swallowing, coughing or choking when eating, food sticking in throat or chest
dysphagia begins at the oral prep and ends at digestion
True or False: Dysphagia is a slow onset medical condition false. it can be slow or quick
What are 4 important considerations adequate nutrition and hydration, patient safety, patient and family concerns and priorities, cultural differences
True or false: An SLP can override a patient's desire false
Where do we see dysphagia? birth, end of life and all stages inbetween
Deglutition the act of swallowing
Bolus food, liquid or other material place in the mouth for ingestion
ingestion all processes, functions and acts associated with bolus introduction, preparation, transfer, and transport
Four phases of the swallow oral preparatory, oral, pharyngeal, esophageal
What phase involves anticipation of eating, food brought to the mouth, food is chewed and mixed with saliva, liquid is sipped or sucked oral prepatory phase
What phase involves the food being collected and sealed between the tongue and the roof of the mouth, the tongue propelling the bolus back, actual swallow begins oral phase
What phase of the swallow includes: soft palate elevating, tongue base retracting, larynx elevates and moves anteriorly, epiglottis inverts, breathing stops, pharyngeal muscles contract pharyngeal phase
In what phase of the swallow does peristalsis move the food through the esophagus, the lower esophageal sphincter opens to let food into stomach Esophageal phase
Aspiration the entry of food or liquid into the airway below the true vocal cords
Penetration the entry of food or liquid into the larynx at some point above the true vocal folds
Residue Food or liquid that is left behind in the mouth or pharynx after the swallow
backflow (reflux) food or liquid flowing backward, either from the esophagus into the pharynx or from the phayrnx into the nasal cavity
muscle origin named first, corresponds to the point of attachment of a muscle that remains relatively fixed during contraction
muscle insertion names second - corresponds to the more mobile point of attachment
oral cavity lips (labial), teeth (dental), cheeks (buccal muscle), hard palate (maxilla), soft palate ( velum), uvual, mandible faucial arches (anterior and posterior)
Sulcus space of cavity formed between structures
Created by: dreynolds