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Fungi

Fungi Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Ascomycota Saclike. Penicillium and yeast are examples.
Basidiocarp Clublike mushroom.
Deuteromycota Fungi phylum without a sexual stage
Budding A form of asexual reproduction in which a part of a cell pinches off.
Chitin Cell walls of fungi have a layer of this.
Dimorphic fungi Fungal diseases that affect human internal organs
Aflatoxin Toxic fungus found in moldy corn
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yeast species scientific name.
Candidiasis Yeast infection
Ringworm Fungal infection of the toe nails
Athlete's foot Fungal infection that reproduces by fragmentation.
Lichens A symbiotic relationship between fungus and algae. Turns rock into soil.
Fungi nutrients These are digested before ingested.
Eukaryotic cells Contain a nucleus and membrane bound organelles. - Fungi!
Heterotrophic Organisms that eat other things - NOT plants!
Haploid Half the chromosome number - SPORES!
Unicellular fungi - not spores Yeast
Conidia Spores not in a sac. Penicillium reproduces by these.
Mycelium The body of the fungus.
Hyphae Secrete enzymes that digest and absorb nutrients.
Mycology The study of fungi.
Septa Cross sections that divide hyphae.
Rhizoids Hyphae that penetrate the surface of bread.
Stolon Hyphae that grow across the surface of bread.
Conjugation Sexual reproduction in fungi. Important for genetic variation.
Zygomycota Bread mold, Rhizopus, coenocytic hyphae
Medical fungi Penicillin, vaccines, cortisone
Mycorrhizae Symbiotic relationship between fungus and plant roots.
Created by: janet.wilkinson