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Eco Evo Exam3(c.15)

Definitions

TermDefinition
Infection resistance The ability of a host to prevent an infection from occurring.
Infection tolerance The ability of a host to minimize the harm that an infection can cause.
Parasite load The number of parasites of a given species that an individual host can harbor.
Ectoparasite A parasite that lives on the outside of an organism.
Endoparasite A parasite that lives inside an organism.
Emerging infectious disease A disease that is newly discovered, or has been rare and then suddenly increases in occurrence.
Horizontal transmission When a parasite moves between individuals other than parents and their offspring.
Vector An organism that a parasite uses to disperse from one host to another.
Vertical transmission When a parasite is transmitted from a parent to its offspring.
Reservoir species Species that can carry a parasite but do not succumb to the disease that the parasite causes in other species.
Susceptible-Infected-Resistant (S-I-R) model The simplest model of infectious disease transmission that incorporates immunity.
t-test A statistical test that determines if the distributions of data from two groups are significantly different.
Created by: BriawnaW