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Ecologists

Ecologists and their accomplishments

TermDefinition
Alexander von Humbolt (1769–1859) German explorer and naturalist who enjoyed traveling long distances to discover the relationships between living things and their environment; the first person to focus on the study of ecology, especially focused on botany
Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919) German biologist, naturalist, doctor, professor, and artist who worked on discovering new species of tiny creatures; named the kingdom Protista and coined the term ecology; used art as well as writings to describe the animal world
Eugen Warming (1841–1924) Danish botanist who studied the abiotic factors of environments; was interested in plants, and taught plant ecology to college students; his writings were very helpful to later students of ecology
Sir Arthur Tansley (1871–1955) British botanist who studied conservation and care for the world; coined the term ecosystem to describe organisms’ ability to work together; helped create the British Ecological Society
Frederic Clements (1874–1926) American ecologist who studied succession of plants; stated that the plants of one ecosystem will follow a certain pattern of growth and change; lived in the Western United States, and taught classes on ecology, especially plant ecology
Warder Clyde Allee (1885–1955) American zoologist and ecologist who taught animal ecology; helped people understand that certain species cooperate in groups, such as herds
Charles Elton (1900–1991) British biologist and zoologist; considered the father of ecology in the United Kingdom; his work focused on the ideas of population, community, and niches; published a book called Animal Ecology, a very important work in the study of animal interactions
Created by: Seporah