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Ecology test

Ecology Test

QuestionAnswer
An organism's habitat provides what for the organism to live, grow, and reproduce? food, water, shelter, and space
An ecosystem includes what types of factors? Biotic and Abiotic
Abiotic factors include what? water, sunlight, oxygen, temperature and soil
_______ factors include all living things in an ecosystem. Biotic
Given adequate biotic and abiotic resources, an ______ will maintain equilibrium and continue indefinitely. ecosystem
A _________________________ consists of only one species population
Different populations living together make up a ________________. community
All living and non living things interacting in an area are an ____________________________. Ecosystem
The place where an organism lives and provides the things the organism needs is a _________________________. Habitat
A living part of an organism is a(n) _______________ factor. Biotic
A non- living part of an organism is a(n) _______________ factor. Abiotic
The study of how living things interact with each other and their environments is _______________________. ecology
The number of different species in an ecosystem is its _______________________. biodiversity
Over time, species of organisms develop _______________ and _______________ that help them to succeed in their environments. adaptations and behaviors
The three major types of interactions between organisms are ______________, ____________________, and _____________________. competition, predation, and symbiosis
__________________ is a close relationship between two species. Symbiosis
The three types of symbiotic relationships are _________________, ______________________, and ___________________________. mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism
An organism’s particular role in an ecosystem or how it makes a living is called its ____________________. Niche
The struggle between organisms for the limited resources in a habitat is called ______________________. Competition
An interaction in which one organism hunts another animal for food is called _______________________. Predation
A carnivore that hunts and kills other animals for food and has adaptations that help the animal catch the prey is called a ______________. Predator
An animal which a predator feeds upon is called a _______________. Prey
A close relationship between two organisms in which at least one of the organisms benefits is called _________________________. Symbiosis
A type of symbiosis in which both partners benefit from living together is ________________________. Mutualism
A relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed is called ____________________. Commensalism
A relationship in which one organism lives in or on a host and harms it is _________________. Parasitism
An organism that lives in or on a host, causing harm to the host, is called a ________________. Parasite
An organism that provides a source of energy or a suitable environment for another organism to live is a ___________. Host
There are birds that eat the fruits of plants and later deposit the seeds with a little bird manure as fertilizer. The birds get nutrients and the plants get their seeds distributed in the environment. This is an example of ______________. mutualism
A mosquito can take blood from another animal. The mosquito (parasite) may carry a deadly virus and takes blood from the animal (host) and the animal is hurt by the relationship.. This is an example of ________________. parasitism
A bird builds a nest in a tree. The bird gets a nest, and the tree doesn’t mind is an example of _________________. Commensalism
The energy role of an organism is that of a____________, _______________, or __________________. producer, a consumer, or a decomposer.
____________ are the source of all life in an ecosystem. Producers
The four types of CONSUMERS are: ___________, ________, __________, and ___________________. herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, scavengers
herbivores are animals that ________________. eat plants only
carnivores are animals that ____________________. eat animals only
omnivores are animals that ____________________________. eat both plants and animals
scavengers are animals that ______________________. eat things found already dead
________________ return nutrients (matter) back into the environment, where they can be used again. DECOMPOSERS
A ________________ shows the path energy and nutrients travel through an ecosystem. FOOD WEB
Only about ______ of the energy is transferred up each level of the energy pyramid. Most is transferred as heat to the abiotic parts of the ecosystem. 10%
An organism that can make its own food is a ________________. Producer
An organism that obtains energy by feeding off another organism is called a _________________. Consumer
An organism that breaks down nutrients and returns them to the soil and water is called a ________________________. Decomposer
A series of events in which one organism eats another is called a _____________________________. food chain
The pattern of overlapping food chains in an ecosystem is called a _______________________. food web
A diagram that shows the amount of energy that moves from one feeding level to another in a food web is called a(n) __________________________________. energy pyramid
Created by: darcymcfarlane