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Biomolecules

HS Info about Macromolecules in Biology

QuestionAnswer
These monomers can stack to build carbohydrates Monosaccharides
Amino acids joined by peptide bonds form these molecules Proteins
These molecules can build structures in a cell,assist in transport across the cell membrane, or increase the rate of chemical reactions. Proteins
DNA and RNA are formed from these monomers Nucleotides
Plants store energy in the form of this carbohydrate Starch
When you consume protein, your body can break it down to get these monomers Amino acids
These long chains of carbon and hydrogen often connect to glycerol to form lipids Fatty acids
Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen are the primary elements in what biomolecules Carbohydrates and lipids
What four nucleotides are found in DNA Adenine, guanine, cytosine, thiamine
Animals in cold environments often form a layer of blubber to keep warm. What biological molecule would this be classified as Lipids
Eating what type of biological molecule would probably raise your blood glucose levels Carbohydrates
The primary function of this molecule is to store information about protein structure Nucleic acids
This type of polypeptide lowers activation energy to act as a catalyst for metabolic reactions Enzymes
This polysaccharide is the most common type found on earth due to its presence in cell walls. Cellulose
A molecule found in saliva is called amylase. Based on its name, what type of molecule is it most likely to be? Protein (enzyme)
This monomer serves as a source of short-term energy for most living things Glucose
The substance or substances which an enzyme specifically affects is called this Substrate
If you cannot produce a particular enzyme, what monomer might you be missing An amino acid
Created by: jaredlovering