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Biology Vocab 1st

Honor's Biology vocabulary list for the first nine weeks.

TermDefinition
ose sugar
ase ensymes
in proteins
lyse to destroy
synth to build
Cytoplasm living material in the cell
Organelles parts of the cell that do different jobs
Autotrophs plants
ATP Primary energy source, Adenisine Triphosphate
Prokaryotes Simplest cells, do not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles
Eukaryotes More complex cells, has a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles
Unicellular Living organisms made up of one cell
Multicellular Living organism made up of many specialized cells
Asexual Involves a single organism or cell, cell divides, offspring are identical to parent
Sexual Involves two parents, offspring is different from parents
Zygote Egg fertilized by sperm
Metabolism break down of food in body
Cellular Respiration Cells releasing chemical energy stored in food
Zoology Study of animals
Mycology Study of fungi
Ichthyology Study of fish
Botany Study of plants
Bryology Study of moss
Entomolgy Study of insects
Graminology Study of grass
Phycology Study of algea
Ornithology Study of birds
Pure Science Studying science just for knowledge
Applied Science Taking science you know and applying it
Theory Based on observation, but not proved
Law Fact
Independent Variable Manipulate
Dependent Variable Measuable
Observation Things you have seen and experienced
Inferences Judging something by it's appearance
Peer Review Review done by others
Law and Policy Goverment
Informed Consent The risks provided with medicine and when the doctor asks if the patient has any questions
Universal Precautions Think the worst until proven otherwise
Qualitative Research Based on observation
Quantitative Research Deals with numbers
Prokaryote Bacteria
Matter Everything in the universe is composed of matter
Mass Quantity of matter an object has
Weight Pull of gravity on an object
Subatomic particle Simplest particle of an element
ion charged particle and has energy
Nucleus The central core of the atom, it contains protons and neutrons
Protons A positively charged part of the atom that is in the nucleus
Neutrons A neutrally charged part of the atom that is in the nucleus
Atomic Mass The protons and neutrons added together
Electrons negatively charged high energy particles
Compound A pure substance made up of two or more elements
Chemical formula Shows the kind and proportion of atoms of each element that occurs in a particular compound
Molecules The simplest part of a substance that retains all of the properties of the substance exists in a free state.
Covalent bonds When two atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
Negative ions Atoms that gain electrons
ETC Makes ATP
Electromagnetic Spectrum The recorded data of wave lengths
Visible Spectrum The only spectrum we can see
Gamma Waves Used in radioactive
Entropy A state of constant motion
Volume Amount of something contented
Chemical Reactions A reaction where you can't return it back to its original form
Physical Reactions A reaction where you can return it back to its original form
Exothermic Heat is being released
Endothermic Physical reaction
Oxidation Reaction reactant loses electrons to become more positive
Reduction Reaction reactant gains electrons becoming more negative
Solutions A mixture of two or more substances
Buffers Things that can adjust
Created by: SnakeEnglish