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Chapters 2-5

How many bonds can carbon form? Four
Type of bond that holds a single water molecule together Polar Covalent
Type of bond that holds one or more water molecules together Hydrogen
Why is water polar? Oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen
Which organisms utilize capillary action? Plants... they can move water against gravity
What is the monomer for proteins? Amino Acids
What is the difference between saturated and unsaturated fatty acid chains? Unsaturated contain double bonds causing kinks so they are liquid at room temperature and do not contain the most amount of hydrogen.
What is the monomer for carbohydrates? Monosaccharide
What is the monomer for nucleic acids? Nucleotides
What are the three components of a nucleotide? Nitrogenous base, phosphate group, pentose sugar
What is the monomer for lipids? None
What are the functions of carbohydrates in living things? quick energy source, short term energy storage, structure
What are the functions of proteins in living things? Communication, transport, structure, movement, defense, enzymes
What are the functions of lipids in living things? Insulation, long term energy storage, water loss prevention, communication (hormones), cell membrane structure (phospholipids)
Created by: vpirolli



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