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Protein Synthesis

Vocabulary for protein synthesis

TermDefinition
Synthesis Putting together
Proteins Made up of amino acid, building block of cells.
Transcription Making an mRNA strand from DNA. Occurs in the nucleus.
Translation Putting amino acids together based on mRNA sequence read by ribosome. Occurs in the cytoplasm.
DNA Molecule in the nucleus of a cell that contains instructions for making proteins.
mRNA Single-stranded nucleic acid that transports code to make protein from the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm.
Nucleus Control center of the cell, contains DNA.
Cytoplasm Fluid filled portion of the cell inside the cell membrane. Contains organelles.
Ribosome Organelle found in the cytoplasm that connects amino acids to make proteins.
tRNA Molecule that finds, transports, and attaches amino acid to the polypeptide sequence based on the mRNA code.
Created by: kherrboldt