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Chemistry #1 C6

Atoms, Bonding, chemical reactions

Studied in the field of chemistry, made of particles called atoms, has mass and volume Matter
These are on the periodic table and have one type of atom elements
What subatomic particles are equal in atoms to make the atom neutral protons and electrons
subatomic particle that is used to identify an atom.. how they are listed on the periodic table( the atomic number... is the number of ...) protons
part of atom that is involved in bonding... electron
forces that hold atoms together... caused by atoms sharing electrons or transferring electrons from one atom to another... chemical bonds
Most compounds in organisms are actually ? because they are made by sharing electrons molecules
The charge on an electron and their location they have a negative charge and move around the atom's nucleus in energy levels
two subatomic particles that are added up to form the atom's mass the protons and neutrons located in the nucleus
A general term that describes what forms when two or more elements are chemically combined in a fixed ratio.. examples are water , sodium chloride, glucose or carbon dioxide compound
The numbers of this subatomic particle can vary from one atom to the next... for example carbon could have 6 of these , 7 or these or 8 of these... ( the result would be slight variations in the atom's mass)... neutron
give the charge and location of the following subatomic particles..electron, proton, neutron electron... negative 1 ... in energy levels around nucleus proton... positive 1.... in nucleus neutron.... neutral (no charge).... in nucleus
What makes up the universe matter and energy
H2O ( 2 should be a subscript)... is an example of a ? because it shows a substance with a fixed ratio of elements.. these are used in chemical equations chemical formula
What can't be changed in balancing a chemical equation subscripts of chemical formulas
What can be changed in balancing a chemical equation the coefficients in front of a chemical formula
What is the term for a process that breaks chemical bonds and forms other chemical bonds to make new substances... chemical reaction
what term describes the starting material for chemical reactions and the related term that describes the end products of a chemical reaction reactants and products
which biological process is described by this chemical reaction glucose and oxygen react to form carbon dioxide , water, and ATP... this process if converting glucose to a form the cells can use for energy cellular respiration
which biological process is described by this chemical reaction. carbon dioxide and water in the presence of light and chlorophyll produce a stored energy form called glucose and oxygen as a by-product photosynthesis
How many atoms of Hydrogen and Oxygen are in the following 7H20.... ( the 2 is a subscript) 14 Hydrogen atoms ( 7 x2) 7 Oxygen atoms ... the 7 also goes with the oxygen
What is used to represent yield, produces, or reacts to form in a chemical equation.... things needed for the reaction such as enzymes can also be written on this part of the equation the arrow
Why do chemical equations need to be balanced so the atoms of the reactants equal the atoms of the products there is a law that states that matter cannot be created or destroyed...
All of the chemical reactions in an organism such as cellular respiration or photosynthesis are described as metabolism
element that is the basis for organic chemistry and is called the element of life.. it is the backbone of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids carbon
the top 6 elements in organisms as far and importance and very common C,H, O, N, P, S carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur
molecule produced by photosynthesis as a by-product that is very important for aerobic cellular respiration oxygen
element in some proteins and used as an energy source for chemosynthetic bacteria in the mid-ocean ridges sulfur
element that will be important in our plasma membrane, DNA, and ATP phosphorus
An element that uses latin for its symbol name and is found in blood as part of hemoglobin to help transport oxygen iron (Fe)
Created by: shemehl



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