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SLSBio11taxonomymcm

SLS Bio11 taxonomy mccm

QuestionAnswer
binomial nomenclature a system of nomenclature in which each species of animal or plant receives a name of two terms of which the first identifies the genus to which it belongs and the second the species itself.
biochemical relationship one of the ways to determine the degree of relatedness between organisms. Based on the biochemistry of the organisms.
class a taxonomic rank. Other well-known ranks in descending order of size are life, domain, kingdom, phylum, order, family, genus, and species, with class fitting between phylum and order.
embryological relationship one of the ways to determine the degree of relatedness between organisms. Based on the embryological development of the organisms.
eukaryotic cell Cell that possesses a nucleus and the other membranous organelles characteristic of complex cells
evolutionary relationship one of the ways to determine the degree of relatedness between organisms. Based on the degree of separation between organisms on a cladogram.
family is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.
genus is one of the eight major taxonomic ranks; it is classified between order and genus.
homologous structure structures that have the same origin but different uses. Example, whale fin and front leg of a dog
kingdom a taxonomic category of the highest rank, grouping together all forms of life having certain fundamental characteristics in common
order a taxonomic rank used in the classification of organisms and recognized by the nomenclature codes
phylum is a taxonomic rank below kingdom and above class
prokaryotic cell Cell lacking a nucleus and the membranous organelles found in complex cells; bacteria, including cyanobacteria.
species A group of closely related organisms that are very similar to each other and are usually capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring.
sub-phylum is a taxonomic rank below the rank of phylum. The taxonomic rank of 'subdivision' in fungi and plant taxonomy is equivalent to 'subphylum' in zoological taxonomy.
taxonomy/taxon is the science of defining groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics and giving names to those groups.
Created by: meghanccm