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Intro to Physiology

language, directional pairs, planes, body systems

QuestionAnswer
Anatomy is the study of structure
Physiology is the study of function
The correct order of organization from smallest to largest is? (start with chemical) chemical, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
Describe a person in standing in anatomical position facing forward with arms to side and palms facing out
Anterior is to ____________ as medial is to ___________. posterior, lateral
Your elbow is _______ to your shoulder but ________ to your wrist distal, proximal
On a dog, the dorsal surface is also its _______ side. superior
On a human, the ventral surface is also its _____ surface anterior
Your belly button is ____ to your heart inferior
A frontal cut divides the body into anterior and posterior
A transverse cut divides the body into superior and inferior
What type of cut divides the body into left and right? sagittal
The heart and lungs are located in this cavity thoracic
The digestive organs like the stomach and intestines are located in this cavity abdominal
The pericardial membrane surrounds what organ? the heart
The pleural membranes surround what organs? lungs
Define homeostasis and give an example of a variable that is regulated. maintaining a stable internal environment for variables like blood glucose, calcium, pH, temperature etc.
Homeostatic mechanisms are maintained through what type of loop? negative feedback loops
The body system responsible for transporting materials is called the circulatory system
The body system that creates blood cells and provides leverage for muscles for movement is called the skeletal system
The body system the eliminates nitrogenous wastes from metabolic processes is called the urinary system
The body system that exchanges gases with the outside environment is the respiratory system.
Ribs? costal
Guteal? buttocks
Digital? fingers/toes
Abdominal? stomach
Axillary? armpits
cheeks? Buccal
Head? cephalic
neck? cervical
Genital? external reproductive organs
Lumbar? lower back
Mammary? breasts
nose? nasal
back of head? occipital
Oral? mouth
Orbital? eyes
Otic? ears
Knee? patellar
pectoral? anterior chest
Pedal? foot
Pelvic? hips
Perineal? around the genitals
Sole of foot? plantar
Tail bone area? sacral
belly button? umbilical
vertebral? spine
Created by: PRO Teacher jhaase