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Orienational and Dir

Superior Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; ABOVE
Inferior Away from the head and or toward the lower part of a structure for the body; below Example: the navel is inferior to the breastbone
Posterior toward or at the backside of the body; behind Example the heart is posterior to the breastbone
Anterior toward or at the front of the body; in front of Example the breastbone is anterior to the spine
Medial toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of Example the heart is medial to the arm
Lateral away from the middle of the body; on the outer side of Example the arms are lateral to the chest
proximal Close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk Example the elbow is proximal to the wrist meaning that the elbow is closer to the shoulder or attachment point of the arm then the rest is
Distal farther from the origin of the body or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk Example the knee is distal to the thigh
Superficial toward or at the body surface Example the skin is superficial to the skeleton
Deep away from the body surface; more internal Example the lungs are deep to the rib cage
Created by: Jennifer 216



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