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Bolvin-L1BioCh10

Review of Chapter 10 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
meiosis process of cell division that creates special sex cells with half the number of chromosomes that are in body cells
Ovum special sex cell that contains only chromosomes from the female parent
sperm special sex cell that contains only chromosomes from the male parent
Law of Segregation of Alleles Each organism has a pair of alleles for a trait. The alleles split up during meiosis and only one is given to the next generation.
gametes name given to special sex cells whether male or female
allele different forms of the same trait. For example the eye color trait can have a blue allele or a brown allele
sexual reproduction making offspring by joining 2 special sex cells
genetics study of the inheritance of traits
dominant allele that will always show up if it is present
recessive allele that will not show up if a dominant allele is present
phenotype the physical expression of a genotype (Ex. brown eyes)
genotype the set of alleles an organism has for a trait
homozygous set of alleles that are alike Ex. AA or zz
heterozygous set of alleles that contain one dominant allele and one recessive allele.
Created by: abolvin